The 1890 Census and Veterans Schedules – John Barclay

The decade of the 1890’s was going to be a very eventful decade for The Barclays of Pine River!  We begin this decade with George’s father and a Civil War pension.

Sadly the 1890 U.S. Federal Census was burned in a fire in 1921.  At Ancestry.com they have what they call the 1890 U.S. Census Fragment.  All that remains of Minnesota is Wright County:  Rockford.  There are other counties in other states but all total what survives is about 1233 pages?  Ouch!

There is a 1890 Veterans Schedule at Ancestry.com that can help the situation.  This is what Ancestry says about this schedule. 

“This database is an index to individuals enumerated in the 1890 special census of Civil War Union veterans and widows of veterans available on microfilm M123 (118 rolls) from the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). Although this schedule was to be used to enumerate Union veterans, in some areas, Confederate veterans were listed as well

Special Schedules of the Eleventh Census (1890) Enumerating Union Veterans and Widows of Union Veterans of the Civil War; (National Archives Microfilm Publication M123, 118 rolls); Records of the Department of Veterans Affairs, Record Group 15; National Archives, Washington, D.C.”

George A. Barclay is not listed in this Veteran’s schedule which only covers Leech Lake and Gull River for Cass County. Gull River is listed as “Grill” at Ancestry.  His brother Alexander is not listed in this Veteran’s schedule.  He is living in The Town of Eureka, Dakota County, Minnesota and that city is not listed either. 

Fortunately Eagle Creek in Scott County is listed and we find George and Alexander’s father featured. It was because of this list I learned that John Barclay did participate as a carpenter in the Civil War for a few short months towards the end of the war.

The top part of the Veterans Schedule for John Barclay:

Top Part of the Veterans Schedule

Zeroing in on John Barclay’s Civil War Service:

John Barclay Entry

Sometime there are remarks written at the bottom about a soldier, here is some information about John Barclay.  It is very difficult to read:

Remarks Veterans Schedule

Hse 57, Family 57 John Barclay, Carpenter Dec 1865 to June 1866, 6 mos. A note down below reads: Was sworn as a carpenter at St. Louis, Mo to serve ___M (quartermaster) at ____, Mo. was discharged at extinction of term.

Source:  1890 Special Schedules of the U.S. Surviving Soldiers, Sailors and Marines, and Widows, etc.  NARA: M123, Roll 23 Minnesota Veterans of 1890, pg. 1, SD 2, ED 177, line 7. FHL#3381823 Eagle Creek, Scott Co., Minnesota, pg. 1, #5757.

This Veterans Schedule for John Barclay lead me to his Civil War pension file which I will feature in the next post.

********

The Civil War Blog post on Veterans Schedules was very interesting.  The focus is about the Civil War in Pennsylvania.  It is very interesting for the author explains how to read the schedule giving examples. There are other topics of interest as well.   

http://civilwar.gratzpa.org/2011/03/u-s-census-returns-1890-veterans-schedules/

John Barclay Joins the Fight!

Fort Morton TN

While George and Alexander were engaged in the Civil War and deep in the fighting, their father, John Barclay enlisted on December 1, 1864 as a civilian carpenter with the Quartermaster Department U.S. Volunteers.  He was honorably discharged June 6th, 1865. 

There is no Civil War Service file for John because he was under the status of a civilian carpenter, I only have his Civil War pension file.  In reviewing the pension file I found one reference to where John might have served.  It was a letter written to plead his case for his pension: 

Shakopee, Minn, Augst. 11, 1891  

“While in the service I lost almost entirely the sense of hearing by reason of exposure in the dragging of wet lumber from the water and also became ruptured by reason of heavy lifting at Fort Morton, Tenn. rendering me in my old age wholly incapacitated for manual labor. Repectfully – John Barclay.” 

So far documentation indicates that John would have been 64 years old in 1864 and 90 years old in 1891.  Fort Morton seems to be located near or in Nashville, Tennessee and became part of a network of Forts that surrounded that city which were built by the Union Army.  

The 1890 Census was mostly destroyed in a fire but John Barclay shows up in a special census for Minnesota in some of the surviving documents.  

In studying this schedule I found similar information that John Barclay appeared as a carpenter but there is no unit or company given. He mustered in December 1865 and out on June 1866 (approximately 6 mos). The whole page was difficult to read because the writing was so light and fading.  I tried again at the National Archives to obtain a copy in order to read the entry:  “Was sworn as a Carpenter at St. Louis, Mo. to serve  ____ Mo. was discharged at expiration of term.” 

Sources: First reading FHL #338182, Eagle Creek, Scott County, Minnesota, page 1 #5757. Second reading at National Archives – M123, Roll 23, Minnesota Veterans 1890 Special Schedule of Census, John Barclay Service, U.S. Surviving Soldiers, Sailers and Marines, and Widows M123 Roll 23, Minnesota Veterans, pg. 1, SD2, ED 177, Line 7. 

This 1890 Minnesota census only had a few towns in Cass Co. and did not cover Pine River, also Dakota Co. was wanting, so this means no information about son’s George or Alexander Barclay would be found. 

Source: FHLC#338182 Bundle# 79-82 Rols 22-25 Covers: Big Stone, Carver, Chippewa, Dakota*, Goodhue, *Hennepin, Kandeyohi, LeSuer, McLeod, Meerk, Renville, Rice, *Scott, Silbey. Cass Roll 24, Dakota 23, Crow Wing 24, Hennepin 23, Scott 23.  

John is the Green dot on the map above near Nashville. If you study the map you will see that George might have crossed paths with his father in Nashville while Alexander was on the March with Sherman to the Sea when his father joined the fight!

Comparing the 4th and the 9th Regiments!

My map that I made from the Microsoft Street’s and Trips software is not real detailed but I think it gives some interesting clues as to the movements of the 4th and the 9th Regiments of Minnesota.  I have wanted to do a comparison for quite some time.   

Key to the Maps: 

  • Red Flags represented the 9th Regiment which was George Barclay’s regiment.
  • Turquoise Flags represented the 4th Regiment which was brother Alexander Barclay regiment.
  • Purple Flags represented General Sherman and I confined myself to the Marches to the Sea and through the Carolina’s. 

Some of the flags as a tag with a date of that particular event or location.  Some locations are on the way to a battle or to accomplish some goal known to the higher command.  I was not able to pin down all locations given in the regimental histories and had to make choices because I was running out of room.   

Tip:  Click on the maps and they will open to a bigger size.  You might have to adjust a little with another click.  Don’t forget to hit the back arrow to return to the blog.   

Here is the map from George’s 9th Regiment and General Sherman:  

9th Regiment Locations
Here is the map adding Alexander’s 4th Regimental movements and more of General Sherman and the Carolinas:

Map of 9th & 4th Reg't Movement

 

Comparing the two maps you see that there a lot more flags in turquoise than in red.  At times it appears that the 9th and the 4th are right on top of each other but if you compare dates they are in the areas at totally different times.  

The map below is the start of the Civil War for the 4th and 9th Regiments.  Both brothers headed south at slightly different times. 

4th and 9th Start of Civil War

 

 The map below focuses on the states of Kentucky and Tennessee:  

Civil War - KY & TN

 

 The map below shows a little more detail on Tennessee and movements into Mississippi: 

TN and Mississippi

 

 The map below goes deeper into Mississippi and Louisiana for the brothers at different times: 

Louisiana and Mississippi Locations

 

 This map shows the 4th Regiments marches through Georgia and the Carolinas which mirror those of General Sherman:  

The March thru George and the Carolinas

 

 The 4th Regiment marches in the Grand Review in Washington D.C. in 1865:  

Alex marches in the Grand Review

 

The 4th Regiments heads home  in 1865 and 9th soon follows:  

Alex and George Return Home 1865

 

This was a fun exercise and gives me an idea of what my great-grandfather George A. Barclay and his brother Alexander Barclay experienced.  It is amazing that both George and Alexander came back alive.   

In the next post we will add their father John Barclay’s Civil War service to the mix. Fortunately he only served a short time toward the end of the war in a civil capacity as a carpenter.  

A Study of the 4th Regiment for Minnesota

Alexander Barclay (Barkley) was a soldier in Co. C, 4th Regiment, Volunteer Infantry from Minnesota.  

Once again I seek out this book with a slight variation in author: 

Book:  The Civil and Indian Wars of Minnesota, 1891,  Narrative of the 4th Regiment by Captain Alonzo L. Brown, pages 195 to 220.    There was a copy of this book in the Minnesota Historical Society, Ancestry.com has a copy and Internet Archives at: http://www.archive.org/details/minnesotacivil01minnrich  

“The men were mostly from Dakota county, the headquarters of the company being at Lakeville.  The company proceeded to Fort Snelling and was mustered in on October 7th…” pg. 198. 

“On March 18th, (1862) adjutant General O. Malmros issued an order for the regiment to proceed to St. Louis.  This order he modified on the 19th, by directing a delay of the movement until the opening of navigation.” pg. 199. 

My goal here is not to rewrite the history of this regiment but to identify dates and locations of Alexanders regiment to his brother George’s regimental movements.  This version of the 4th’s history is very detailed and a summary of the events.  The map shows Red for the 9th Reg’t. (George) and Turquoise for the 4th Reg’t (Alex) and Purple for General Sherman highlighting the March to the Sea and through the Carolinas. 

Map of 9th & 4th Reg't Movement

 

 1.  Off to the South April 20, 1862 to April 23, 1862: St. Louis, Benton Barracks on the outskirts of the city. 

On April 20, 1862 the side-wheel steamboat Sucker State landed at Fort Snelling, and six companies of the regiment, accompanied by the regimental band, and in command of Lt. Colonel Thomas, embarked upon it and started for St. Louis, to report to Major General Halleck.  As the boat approached St. Paul the bluffs and river banks were crowded with people who waved their hands and ‘kerchiefs…the steamer soon swung around and headed down stream on its journey, the band playing “The Girl I Left Behind Me….” 

Website on Benton Barracks with wonderful pictures: http://www.usgennet.org/usa/mo/county/stlouis/benton.htm 

 2.  On Sunday, 2nd of May, 1862 the regiment left Benton Barracks on the steamboat John J. Roe and landed at Cairo and Paducah then proceeded up the Tennessee River.  They arrived at Fort Henry and moved up the river another eight miles and disembarked at Paris Landing.  On the boat the Gladiator they proceed further up the Tennessee River to Brown Landing, Tennessee arriving on the 13th.  On May 14th they arrived at Hamburg Landing, Tennessee and left the Gladiator marching two miles to Childer’s Hill where they encamped.  The next day they marched to join the army under General Halleck and were assigned to the First Brigade (Buford’s), Third Division (Hamilton’s), Army of the Mississippi. 

Here is a link to Wikipedia’s biography of General Henry W. Halleck:  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Wager_Halleck  

3.  Seige of Corinth May 12th to August 1862:  Moved toward Corinth slowly and on the 18th of May advanced to Farmington.  May 30th they discovered the enemy had evacuated and they pursued them 20 miles south to Boonville (maybe Booneville, MS) and then returned to fives miles from Corinth established camp at Clear Creek.  During the latter part of June they marched toward Holly Springs passing through Rienzi and on as far as Ripley then returned to Clear Creek.  In August they marched 12 miles to Jacinto

4.  Battle of Iuka September 19, 1862:  Jacinto to Iuka…the battle began on the 19th and 20th of September returning to Jacinto and then within three miles of Corinthhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Iuka 

5.  Battle of Corinth October 3-4, 1862: http://americancivilwar.com/statepic/ms/ms002.html 

6.  Campaign down the Mississippi Central Railroad:  Left Corinth and marched to Grand Junction and then onto Holly Springs.  Then from Davis Mills to LaGrange and west to Moscow then marched with Grant during the last of November to Cold Water, Holly Springs and the Tallahatchie River.   Traveled down the Mississippi Central railroad in November 1862 to reach Vicksburg and fell back to Oxford and then back to Memphis

7.  The Yazoo Pass Expedition in the winter of 1862 was organized to turn the enemy’s right at Haines Bluff and compelling the evacuation of that position and using it for operations against Vicksburg.  

8.  Battle of Port Gibson May 1863:  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Port_Gibson  

9.  Battle of Milliken’s Bend June 7, 1863:  Above Vicksburg along the Mississippi River:  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Milliken’s_Bend  

9. Running the Batteries — Vicksburg:  From Milliken’s Bend to the point a little below Grand Gulf the army embarked and cross the river to Bruinsburg.  No losses at Port Gibson, Forty Hills on May 3rd, nor Raymond on May 12th and at Jackson on May 14th. 

9.   Battle of Champion Hills  May 16, 1863 and after this battle aided in building a bridge across the Big Black so the Seventeenth Corps could cross to go to Vicksburg. http://battleofchampionhill.org/ 

10.  Seige of and Assault on Vicksburg May to July 1863:  They aided other units. They traveled to Mechanicsburg and then moved down to Snyder’s Bluff near Vicksburg and later to Vicksburg and formed a part of the army of occupation of that city after its surrender. http://www.nps.gov/vick/index.htm 

11.  Battle of Chattanooga:  Left Vicksburg on 12th of September, 1863 for Little Rock and Helena and then to Memphis.  Marched to Chattanooga via Winchester over the Cumberland Mountains to Sweden Cove and on to Bridgeport.  Bivouacked in the ravines near Crane’s Hill across from Chattanooga Nov. 23, 24, 25, 1863. General Sherman’s army landed above the city of Chattanooga.  Then they marched to Bridgeport and on to Huntsville and went to destroy ferryboats passing through Madison Station and back to Huntsvillehttp://www.aotc.net/Chattanooga.htm 

12.  Battle of Altoona (Spelled Allatoona) Oct 5, 1864:  Arrived in Stevenson, Alabama and proceeded to Kingston, Georgia in time to celebrate the 4th of July (1864).  Marched from Kingston to Altoona and formed a part of the force stationed there.  Altoona is 40 miles north of Atlanta.  The 4th Regiment was in the thick of this battle to protect General Sherman’s supplies and communications.   Atlanta was captured about September 2d and Hood left. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Allatoona 

13.  March to the Sea:  After Atlanta was taken 

“During the progress of the battle, General Sherman, from the heights of Kenesaw Mountain, and about eighteen miles away, toward Atlanta, signaled to Altoona to learn if Corse had arrived, and received a signal reply that satisfied him, and this circumstance is referred to in the song, “Hold the Fort for I am Coming.”  Sherman’s army soon followed closely after Hood’s, who retreated toward Alabama, and in a few days our communications were again open.  Active preparations were now made for the campaign through Georgia to Savannah.  Supplies were rapidly brought to the front, the convalescents and those unable to travel were sent North, and the army was stripped of surplus animals and property, which were sent to the rear, and on the 14th of November it had assembled at and near Atlanta.  On the 15th it started on the March to the Sea.” pg. 216.  

“Our regiment marched with the rest of General John E. Smith’s Third Division of the Fifteenth Corps, Colonel Tourtellotte in command, and having received several hundred recruits from Minnesota while at Altoona, during the months of September and October, was pretty full in numbers.” pg. 216. 

“The kind people of Georgia made but little opposition to our advance.  Their sweet potato patches were generally numerous, their corncribs abundant, and the melody of their garden fowls sounded as sweetly to the ears of our “bummers” as that of their relatives…And as the country had not been stripped of its supplies by the operation of hostile forces, it yielded sufficient, so that, with the rations carried in the army trains, and a very large drove of cattle that we started with, there was not much suffering on the excursion through the state.  There were no battles, and only an occasional skirmish fought.  With the exception of three rainy days the weather was pleasant during the entire time previous to December 7th…On arriving at Gordon…destroyed a mile and a half of the Macon railroad…Our army arrived before Savannah on the 10th day of December…Our rations got short on approaching the vicinity of Savannah and the men suffered considerable privation.  The city having been evacuated by Hardee’s forces, our army took possession on the 21st.”  pg.216 

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sherman’s_March_to_the_Sea 

From this point the Sherman Marched through the Carolinas by boat to Beaufort, rains flood the Savannah river and they had trouble with the wagons crossing and lost some of them.  Marched inland from Beaufort to by Pocotoligo to McPhersonville around January 31st (1865), arriving at Duck Creek

Out regiment was sent to drive them away, and after deploying several companies as skirmishers, out boys charged through the stream, which was waist-deep, and found a fine plantation on the other side.” pg. 217. 

 They then moved on to the Salkehatchie Swamp and River and came to the railroad near Bamberg where they destroyed the rails.  From there they marched across the Edisto River toward Orangeburg then turned north toward Columbia marching through that city on the 17th of February (1865) establishing camp outside Columbia.  They left Columbia on the 20th after they destroyed ammunition and ordnance stores of the enemy.  Marched over high, rocky and rolling country to the Wateree River and the vicinity of Little Lynches Creek although the land was flat the rain fell “incessantly.”  Moved over to the Big Lynches Creek in prep to fight the enemy but found flood waters which they crossed to Cheraw reaching that on March 3rd to find more supplies of the enemy to use.  They remained a few days and marched to Fayetteville dealing with rain and mud on this march. 

“On arriving near Shoe-Heel Creek, our men worked all night long, pulling and lifting the mule teams and wagons over a bottomless swamp, rain falling incessantly.  On the 12th of March we reached the vicinity of Fayetteville, and crossing the Cape Fear River, established our camp near the town.  We left this camp in a rainstorm, and marching all day, over, under and through a flat country, night overtook us stuck in the mud, with the teams down in all directions.  For three days we fought with the elements of mud and rain.” pg. 217.  

14.  Battle of Bentonville took place on the 19th, 20th and 21st of March 1865 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Bentonville when Johnson retreated they marched to Goldsboro and camped near that city.  They left there on April 10th and marched for Raleigh and camped near the city.  Johnson surrendered on April 26th and they learned of President Lincoln’s assassination.  On the 29th of April they marched for Richmond and on to Washington passing through Petersburg and arrived at Richmond on the 10th of May near Manchester.  From Richmond they marched through Fredericksburg, Dumfries and the grounds of Mt. Vernon viewing George Washington’s grave and onto Alexandria

“On the 24th of May the regiment marched at the head of the column of General Sherman’s grand army of 65,000 veterans in the review at Washington, and, passing through the city, established its camp five miles out at Crystal Springs.  Leaving its camp near Washington the last of May, the regiment marched to the city and with the rest of the Army of the Tennessee moved by rail to Parkersburg on the Ohio River.  Embarking on the steamboat Champion, it proceeded with the rest of the army down the river to Louisville, Ky. and established its camp near that city, and there remained until July 19, 1865, when it was mustered for discharge out of the service.  The next day the command embarked upon the cars and proceeded on its journey to St. Paul, passing through Indianapolis, Chicago and Milwaukee.  On arriving at La Crosse we embarked on the steamboat Northern Belle, and on July 24th arrive at St. Paul.” pg. 218   

In summary, I think we know who “Marched to the Sea.”  Alexander applied for his Civil War Pension and in those documents from the National Archive I find more evidence that Alex was with Sherman.

Brother Alexander Barclay’s Civil War Service…

Let us turn our attention to Alexander Barclay’s Civil War Service record and see if we cannot find any clues to this mystery of which brother “Marched to the Sea’ with General Sherman.  I obtained Alex’s Civil War service record from the National Archives before they increased the fee and see the Blogroll to the right for the link.

Fort Snelling 1820-1830

George’s brother Alexander Barclay mustered in to the Civil War at Fort Snelling approximate one year before George.

I visited Fort Snelling near Minneapolis and St. Paul.  The photo shows the fort as it was in about 1827, which is 34 years earlier than the Civil War but inside the museum buildings they have maps and pictures that show the fort through the years.  It gave me an idea of what it might have been like for both George and Alexander.  The Minnesota Historical Society has many historical properties like this that you can visit if you become a member and travel in Minnesota.  I have a link under Blogroll to the right for the society. 

Alexander’s Civil War Service record was listed under “Barkley.”  Alex has 27 cards in his service record. 

1. Company Muster-in Roll:  (All cards have B, 4, Minn at the top)

Alex Musters In

 Alexander Barkley, Pv, Capt. Donaldson’s Co., 4 Reg’t Minn. Vol.s* (*This organization subsequently became Co. C, 4 Reg’t. Minn Inf.), Age 19 years. Ft. Snelling, Minn. Oct. 7, 1861, joined for duty and enrolled Sept 25, 1861 at Ft. Snelling for 3 years.  R.M. Elliott, Copist.2.  Company Muster Roll:

Alexander Barkley, Pv, Co., C, 4 Reg’t Minnesota Infantry. Nov. & Dec. 1861, Present, R.M. Elliott, Copist.

3.  Company Muster Roll:

Jan & Feby, 1862, Present, R. M. Elliott, Copist.

4.  Company Muster Roll:

Mch & Aprl, 1862, Present, R.M. Elliott, Copist.

5.  Company Muster Roll:

May/June 1862, Present, R.M. Elliott, Copist.

6.  Company Muster Roll:

July & Aug, 1862, Present, R.M. Elliott, Copist.

7.  Company Muster Roll:

Sept & Oct., 1862, Present, R.M. Elliott, Copist.

8.  Company Muster Roll:

Nov & Dec., 1862, Present, R.M. Elliott

9.  Company Muster Roll:

Jan & Feb., 1863, Present, R.M. Elliott, Copist.

10.  Special Muster Roll: 

Dated Apl 18, 1863, Present, Remarks:  Sick in quarters., J.R. Funk, Copist.

11.  Company Muster Roll:

Mch & Apl, 1863, Present, J. R. Funk, Copist.

12.  Company Muster Roll:

May & June, 1863, Present, J.R. Funk, Copist.

13.  Company Muster Roll:

July & Aug. 1863, Present, Jr. R. Funk, Copist.

14.  Company Muster Roll: 

Sept & Oct, 1863, Present, J.R. Funk, Copist.

15.  Company Muster Roll:

Nov & Dec, 1863, Present, J.R. Funk, Copist.

 16.  Detachment Muster-out Roll:

Alex Musters Out!

Muster-out to date Dec 31, 1863, Last Paid to Oct. 31, 1863. Roll dated Huntsville, Ala. Feb. 5, 1864.  Clothing account:  Last settled Dec 31, 1862; drawn since $23.23, due soldier $18.77.  Due U.S. – $100.00.  Remarks:  Dischged by virtue of re-enl. as Vet Vol. under the provisions of G.O. 191 series of 1863 from the W.D., H.E. Arnold, Copyist. 

 

17.  M. and D. Roll of Veteran Volunteers:

Roll dated Huntsville, Ala. Feb. 5, 1864. When enlisted Jan 1, 1864, When mustered into date Jan 1, 1864.  Bounty paid, $60.00. Remarks: Remustered as Vet. Vol. under G.O. No. 191, War Dept. Series 1863., Wines, Copist.

NOTE:  There were two enlistment papers in Alex’s file. 

First page:  his “Volunteer Enlistment” in Alabama at Huntsville.  Alexander Barkley born in Hartford Co., Connecticut, aged nineteen years, by occupation a soldier do hereby acknowledge to have volunteered this first day of January 1864 to serve as a Soldier in the Army of the United States of America for the period of 3 years….sworn and subscribed to at Huntsville, Ala. this 1st day of January, 1864 before Wm. T. [Killbridge], Reg’t 4th Minn., signed Alexander Barkley. Examined by E. W. Cross, 4th Minn. Vol. Inft. Examing Surgeon..the soldier has hazel eyes, light hair, light complexion, is 5 ft, 3-1/2 inches high. [James C. Edson, Cprt. 4th Reg. of Minn. Voltrs. Mustered into service…C. 4th Reg. of Minnesota Vol. on the first day of January, 1864, at Huntsville, Alabama, [     ] W. Osborne, Capt. 12th Infantry, A.C. M. 3rd Div. 15th Army Corps.

The second page was the “Declaration of the Recruit” which repeats much of the same information listed above.

18.  Company Muster Roll:

Jan & Feb. 1864, Present, Vet. Vols., J.R. Funk, copist.

19.  Company Muster Roll:

Mch & Apl, 1864, Present, Remarks: Vet Vol., J.R. Funk, Copist.

20.  Company Muster Roll:

May & June, 1864, Present, Sullivan, Copist.

21.  Company Muster Roll:

July & Aug., 1864, Sullivan, Copist.

22.  Company Muster Roll:

Sept. & Oct., 1864, Present.  Remarks:  Promoted from Private Oct. 12, 1864 S.O. 47, Regt. Hd. Qrs., Sullivan, Copist. Corpl. Alexander Barkley, Co. C, 4th Reg’t Minnesota Infantry. 

23.  Company Muster Roll:

Nov. & Dec., 1864, Present, Remarks:  Promoted from private Oct. 12, 1863 S.O. 47, Regt. Hd. Qrs., Sullivan, Copist.

Note:  Sherman’s March to the Sea started on Nov. 18, 1864.

24.  Company Muster Roll:

Jan & Feb, 1865, Present, Remarks:  Appointed from private Oct. 12, 1864. S.O. 47, Regt. Hd. Qrs., Sullivan, Copist.

25.  Company Muster Roll:

Mch & Apr. 1865, Present, Remarks:  Promoted from private Oct. 12/64 S.O. 47, Reg. Hd. Qrs., Sullivan, Copist.

26.  Company Muster Roll:

May & June, 1864, Present, Sullivan, Copist.

27.  Co. Muster-out Roll:

Final Muster Out!

Alexander Barkley, Corpl., Co. C, 4, Reg’t, Minn. Inf., Age 21 years, roll dated Louisville, Ky, July 19, 1865, Muster-out date, July 19, 1865, Last paid Apr. 30, 1865. Clothing Account: due U.S. $15.00.  Due US for arms…$0, Bounty paid, $210.00; due $190.00. Remarks:  Promoted from Private Oct. 12/64. Easterling, [Compant/Compaut].

Note:  Brackets indicate that I cannot read the writing and I am guessing.

There is nothing in Alexander’s Civil War Service record that states anything unusual about his service other than he re-enlisted at the end of 1864 and was promoted to Corporal about the time of Sherman’s march.  The spelling of the Barclay name as “Barkley” means that Alex used a different version than his brother George. 

In the next post we will examine the events of Co. C, 4th Reg’t of the Minnesota Infantry and we will discover some very interesting information!

 

The Role of the Wagoner!

I became intrigued with the idea of finding out what a wagoner would do in the Civil War and what the wagons physical shape and size would be like.  The idea that my great-grandfather would be a wagoner was truly amazing to me!  He was my size 125 lbs. 5 ft. 4 inches tall. George was young and strong back at the time of the Civil War being about 18 years old.  I think we can see he was a determined person.  

Wagon

In a letter dated July 20, 1999 from Guy LaFrance of the Eastern National in Manassas, Virginia (Battlefield of the Civil War – Bull Run), I received this bit of information:    

 “What I can tell you, based on my own personal knowledge, is that the role of a wagoner was to transport the supplies needed by the army.  He was responsible for driving the wagon and maintaining it, feeding and caring for the mule team that pulled it, ensuring that it was loaded properly, and seeing that its cargo reached its destination safely.  The cargo could be anything that an army of that time required; food, medicines, weapons, ammunition, clothing, shelter tents, tools, the soldier’s knacksacks, officer’s luggage, and anything else the Quartermaster Corps, the branch of the U.S. Army that was responsible for obtaining and distributing supplies felt was needed.  It was, and still is an essential job, one that is too often overlooked when studying military history.”  

The picture of the wagon was taken at a museum in northern Minnesota probably the Itasca Historical Society but I do not remember exactly where. I was amused by the shiny floor and this huge wagon that towered over me.  I think it is probably a Conestoga style.  Next time I am near one of these wagons I will stand next to it so it is documented my size versus a wagon of this type.     

Here is an article about the Quartermaster Department in the Civil War.   

http://www.qmfound.com/quartermaster_1861-63.htm  

The Quartermaster Corps during the Civil War was managed by Montgomery Meigs who reorganized and it made it work.  Several years ago I was poking around on the internet about the Quartermaster Department of the Civil War and there was nothing but now things are changing. Wikipedia has a great biography of this man and his contributions:  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Montgomery_C._Meigs  

Tip:  go to Google Images and type in “Civil War Wagons” and you get a lot of photos of the different kinds of wagons used: ambulance, supplies, guns and more.  Copyright will not allow me to post pictures here unless I ask permission.   

General Sherman writes in his memoirs:   

An ordinary army-wagon drawn by six mules may be counted on to carry three thousand pounds net, equal to the food of a full regiment for one day.”  The Memoirs of General W. T. Sherman, Vol. II., Part 4; by William T. Sherman  

George Barclay writes in his own words:  

George and the Mule!

This is taken from George’s Civil War Pension record and written in his own hand.  Civil War Pension records are mostly about the service of the soldier and their medical condition in order to secure their pension.  Here George is pleading his case.  He wrote this about 1891.  Ouch! 

Here is an interesting article on mules at the blog:  Civil War by LearnCivilWarHistory.comhttp://www.nellaware.com/blog/civil-war-mules.html  It tells about their uses and care.  Apparently they didn’t use mules around the guns for they would not be willing participants.  Mules worked best for hauling.   I saw a donkey at the Latte Plantation in North Carolina but he was small and shaggy so learning a little about mules versus horses has been very educational for me, I am a city kid.