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Amarilla’s daughter Grace gave birth to Leola Vivian on the 12th of May 1902 in the county of Itasca.  It was later decided that she was born in Grand Rapids but I am not totally convinced that it was Grand Rapids.  The delayed birth certificate of my Aunt Leola Vivian was done in 1956 and even though her Uncle Alex, brother to Ronald her father, gave testimony, I am still not sure they lived in Grand Rapids back then.

Vivian born 1902 First daughter of Ronald & Grace

Vivian born 1902 First daughter of Ronald & Grace

Leola Vivian was her formal name but she usually went by Vivian or Vivi.  I wrote about her on my other blog:  The Man Who Lived Airplanes.  That blog is about her baby brother Keith and the paternal side of the family on their father’s side. Starting with the post dated June 5, 2010, Darling Vivian you will find more details and more pictures of Vivian as she was growing up.  Later I post about her school activities, teaching and marriage and maybe a little bit more about her life in future posts.

Vivian was a beautiful little girl. Here is one of the photos featured on the blog mentioned above.

An Oval of Vivian

An Oval with Vivian

Grace, her mother filled out a Baby Book.  I featured that in the post dated “Vivian’s Baby Book!” June 16, 2010. As far as I know it is the only baby book she did for her children. Amarilla is mentioned as being a witness to Vivian’s baby firsts.  She is noted as giving her gifts.

Here is the link to The Man Who Lived Airplanes: http://macdonellfamily.wordpress.com/

The local newspaper in Pine River had some interesting tidbits of news about J.G., Amarilla and other activities:

Mrs. Barclay left for Minneapolis on Monday.

Mr. Dawes seems to think that nothing is too good for a livery barn in Pine River. Mr. Swenson has been putting the finishing touches on it and you can hardly tell it now from a bank and it isn’t completed yet.

Barclay Co and a European Spa?

Barclay Co and a European Spa?

J.G. Dawes as purchased some street lamps for Pine River and soon our streets will loom up on a dark night like a city built among the stars. Who says Mr. Dawes isn’t doing anything for the town. 

Apparently J.G. opened another room for rent establishment.  The Leef Bros. were managing the Barclay Hotel so this had to be a separate entity?

DANCE:  There will be a dance at the Barclay Hall on Saturday evening October 26th. under the auspices of C.J. [Leef] and family.  Lunch will be served at the hotel.  Good music…”Come everybody.” 

Barclay Hotel Ad 1902

Barclay Hotel Ad 1902

Apparently as some point Amarilla turned the management of the Barclay hotel over to her friends the Leef’s. Below this ad was another:

Mrs. G.A. Barclay & Co.

Mrs. G.A. Barclay & Co.

This appears in the Nov. 15, 1901 pg 1 of the local paper

The Barclay Co. of Pine River has purchased 60,000 feet of logs and 10,000 feet of lumber in Bungo.  Going to be some building carried on in this vicinity just watch. 

The Barclay Mercantile and Lumber Co.

The Barclay Mercantile and Lumber Co.

Christmas Time ad for Barclay:

Christmas Ad - Barclay

Christmas Ad – Barclay

That following March 14, 1902 pg. 3 of the Pine Tree Blaze reads

G.A. Wagner of Lake Preston, S.D. has purchased the blacksmith shop and residence of Mrs. Barclay and will take possession April 1st. Mr. Wagner is known by a number around here as a first class blacksmith and we are pleased to have him make this his home. He left Tuesday and will return in a few weeks with his family.  

Jefferson G. Dawes was very involved in the early years of Pine River especially in 1901.

Warren Huffman, “As I Remember…1894,” Bicentennial Issue 1873-1973, Pine River Journal, Pine River, MN.

Excerpts: “…The first winter was a hard one for new settlers to get started. George Barclay had the one store in Pine River and without the credit that he extended it would have been impossible to stay. George Barclay had his detractors, but he was a kind-hearted man and generous. He was a small man with a high-pitched voice. I remember him well, and we all felt a genuine sorrow and loss when he was shot by an unknown person as he sat reading in the lobby of the Barclay Hotel.

My first visit to Pine River was in the summer of 1895. At that time the town extended along one street and block facing the railway station. Barclay’s store occupied the site of the present locker plant. As I was only four years old at that time I have no recollection of what the other buildings were except the store and hotel. Being a small boy in those early years I have no memory of dates, but some things stand out in memory regardless of dates; such as, the Indian graves...After George Barclay’s death his widow married J.G. Dawes who was a real “go-getter.” Mr. Dawes immediately began putting Pine River on the map….”

Francis Allen, “Early History of Pine River,” pg. 2-3, 1973 Bicentennial Issue, Pine River Journal, Pine River, Minnesota:

Soon after this Jefferson G. Dawes came here and settled… proceeded to plat and organize the city of Pine River. We must recognize the vision of this man as we look over our beautiful little city today, with its wide streets and beautiful parks and swimming pool. According to records in 1901, a petition signed by thirty-four residents requesting the organization of the village was brought forth on December 5, 1901, an election was held, there being thirty votes cast, and the following officers were unanimously elected: J.G. Dawes, President; H. S. Gilbert, J.P. Leef and E.S. Holman Trustees etc.”

Cass County Heritage Book 1897-1997, pg. 55 Cass County Historical Society, Walker, MN.

Pine River votes to incorporate as a village on December 5, 1901 with 190 residents located on 163 acres which center at Barclay and First Streets. This village includes two stores, two saloons, a hotel and livery, a boarding house, a barbershop, a blacksmith shop, a land office, a printing office and a post office. In 1997, 124 years after the founder of Pine River paid $1.25 per acre for land, acreage prices near Pine river range from $500 to $1,250 per acre. The village consists of over 30 retail businesses, plus one car dealership, three hair care establishments, two land offices, two banks, three eating establishments, a library, a medical clinic, a government center, a municipal liquor store and a post office.

Pine River Blaze, Pine River, MN, “Council Meeting, Pine River, MN,” Dec. 19, 1901.

Council Meeting 1901

Council Meeting 1901

At the first meeting of the village council of the village of Pine River, there were present President J.G. Dawes; Trustees J.P. Leef, E.S. Holman and Heber S. Gilbert and Recorder S.P. Hanson. The recorder reported that he had received and filed the official oath of the following village officers: President J.G. Dawes, Trustees J.P. Leef, E.S. Holman and Herber S. Gilbert; Recorder, S.P. Hanson whereupon it was declared that President J.G. Dawes and Trustees J.P. Leef, E.S. Holman and Herber S. Gilbert were duly qualified. Upon motion it was decided that the recorder, the constables and the justices of the peace each give a bond to be approved by the village council, in the sum of five hundred dollars ($500.00), and that the village treasurer give a bond to be approved by the village council, in the sum of one thousand dollars (1000.00). The bond of Recorder S.P. Hanson with J.P. Leef and J.G. Dawes as sureties was on motion approved and accepted. The bond of Constable D. J. Jones with J.G. Dawes and J.P. Leef as sureties was on motion approved and accepted. Whereupon it was declared that Recorder S.P. Hanson, Constable D. J. Jones were duly qualified for their respective offices, upon the filing of their bonds as required by law. Upon motion, Ordinance No. 1, relating to the sale of Intoxicating Liquors was passed and approved, and ordered published in the Walker Pilot, the official paper of Cass County, in the absence of a legal newspaper in the village of Pine River.

After Barclay’s death, Ammarilla took charge of the businesses he had started. Apparently she had an active adviser and partner in J.G. Dawes. Dawes platted the village in 1898 almost exclusively on land owned by the Barclay’s. At the time that the village of Pine River was incorporated in 1901, Ammarilla donated to the village 10 lots for a school, ground for a cemetery, the park land on the north edge of the village site of the present city hall, as well as land on the North Branch of the Pine River {Norway Brook} where the swimming area and the dam are located and property for the building of two churches.” From the Logsleds to Snowmobiles book.

Remember by his own testimony at the Grand Jury in May 1899,  J.G. Dawes was not in Pine River till February 1899.  So I don’t think he was platting Pine River in 1898 and would lean more toward 1899 or 1900.

The Cass County Courthouse has the plat maps for Pine River.  They have a table of contents revised 1/2/2007. Now the City of Pine River might have their own maps and maybe those go back further then 1901.

I was particularly interested in the ones with Amarilla Barclay name, J.G. Dawes and the Urton name.

  • A-60 Urton 1st Add
  • A-61Urton 2nd Add

    1901 Original Plat signed by Amarilla or Mrs. G.A. Barclay

    1901 Original Plat signed by Amarilla or Mrs. G.A. Barclay

  • A-25 Dawes 2nd
  • A-24 Dawes 3rd and 4th
  • A-25 Dawes 5th
  • Pine River Plat of 1900, Original plat 1901, A-15, A-15 (Lots 1-4 B1-11 Torrens)

On the side of this plat map is a lot of writing.  There is a certificate of the Surveyor, Certificate of the Owner which is Mrs. G.A. Barclay.  The land is described and it is very difficult to read but the following was sort of interesting.

That said Mrs. G.A. Barclay has examined the above described land to ____ platted as a Townsite to be known as “Pine River.” That said townsite has been platted for _____ purposes as shown on accompanying map, and that Mrs. G.A. Barclay hereby donates to the Public use forever all the streets and Alleys delineated there on. 

Following that was a certificate from the County Treasurer and Auditor about the taxes being paid and lastly the Register of Deeds certificate that it had been recorded.   There is no mention of J.G. Dawes in the writing.

Widows Application 1898

Widows Application 1898 portion of…

On November 21, 1898 Amarilla tried again for George’s Civil War pension remember that George tried at least twice to get this money but failed.  She filed the Declaration for Widow’s Pension in the county of Crow Wing with the help of Henry D. Philips Law Offices of Washington D.C.

Something happened because the claim had the word ABANDONED stamped a on December 9, 1898 document and several others.

Apparently on 21 November 1900, J.G. Dawes appears on another Declaration of Widow’s Pension with Amarilla.   J.G. Dawes was the notary public at the bottom of the form.  So J.G. tried to help her out.

Several other documents followed from friends and a physician.  They are very interesting and I wonder what stories these people would have told about George and Amarilla.

General Affidavit of Bertha Mickelson, 25 February 1901.

That she was well acquainted with George Barclay deceased for a period of 4 years before his death.  That in the evening of October 29, 1898 about half pass seven o’clock said George Barclay was shot and killed by a person unknown at the time he was sitting in a chair in his own house.  I heard the report of the gun saw him fall and he expired on the floor where he fell.  The ball passed through his neck.  The shot was fired from outside of building and was fired through a window. 

The Physician’s Affidavit was signed by T. F. [Rodwell] M.D. on the 7th of August 1901.

That he is a practicing physician and that he has been acquainted with the said soldier two years, and that he was a man then whose general appearance would not admit I should judge of unusual labor.  I met George Barclay September 1896 and occasionally until his death Oct. 1898.  Where I was called to testify as to cause of death which was from a bullet fired by some unknown person while said Barclay was seated in his house at Pine River passing through his neck thereby causing instant death. 

General Affidavit of John Bubar, age 53 years  Henry Shalding, age 46 years citizens of Brainerd, 28 January 1902.

That they knew personally and were well acquainted with the soldier, George A. Barclay, for a period of 28 years commencing in the year 1867 and continuing up to the  time of his death in the year 1898; that they are acquainted with and have known personally Ammarilla Barclay, widow of George A. Barclay, soldier, for a period of 20 years commencing in the year 1882 and continuing up to the present time; that they personally know said George A. Barclay and Ammarilla Barclay were married and lived together as husband and wife; that they verily believe that said George A. Barclay and Ammarilla Barclay or either of them, was never married prior to their said marriage; that the contents of this affidavit are known to affiants by personal knowledge, observation and acquaintance for a time as aforesaid. 

Something happened and the lawyers were still trying to get a resolution in 1905 and 1906 but it doesn’t appear anything came of it.  You notice that the time frame it really stretched out which means that it was difficult to get resolution.  Every time the law was updated there would be a flood of these widows declarations. Every time Amarilla applied she would have to resubmit documentation.

Scales of Justice

George Angus Barclay was shot and killed on October 29, 1898 and the trial regarding the murder did not happen until a year and half later, taking place on May 7 and going through till the 16th of 1900!

There aren’t any documents between the release of Andy Hayford in December 1899 until the 4th of May 1900 when Bebo requests that he be granted counsel for the charge of Murder in the 1st degree.  He had no money and had been incarcerated for quite some time.  A. H. Hall was assigned his defense attorney by the court.

Hall filed a three page  brief in it where he complains that the Sheriff created 2 jury panels and interviewed people.  The clerk was supposed to create the juries.  He said that the handwriting was not the clerk’s.  He went on to say that the Sheriff would erase a name if he didn’t like what the potential juror said.  Hall stated that at the beginning of the year a jury pool is created and there are plenty of people, therefore the Sheriff didn’t need to get a jury together.

As far as I can tell there are no documents or maybe one or two that survived from the trial.  There is a Director Examination of  J. Deperrold and a testimony of Ed Mahon but I cannot be sure they are from the trial.  It does read on Mahon’s papers called as witness on the part of the State, being duly sworn…no dates are on these documents.   These documents are done in a question and answer style which makes me think they are part of the trial.  There is a handwritten document about various testimonies which is extremely hard to read but it may be another of Hall’s writings.  There is a platte map of Pine River that was used probably in the inquest, grand jury proceedings and trial.  It has historical significance for Pine River because it shows where the buildings were.  It was used to show how long it would take to get from one building to another.

I think that the newspaper pretty much sums up the trial and what happened.  Can you imagine sitting in the courtroom and watching this event unfold.

Murder Trial Events 1900

Murder Trial Events 1900

The Cass County Paper, Front Page, Vol. 7, No. 18.

Murder Trial – Bebo Found Not Guilty

“When the trial of Louis Bebo for the murder of Geo. A. Barclay was called on Monday the 7th day of May speculation as to the outcome ran high.  To accommodate the crowd, the court was held in the Opera House and that was crowded in spite of the intense heat.  The case was opened by the State’s Attorney Hon. B.F. Hartshorn abely assisted by Hon. C.C. McCarthy, of Grand Rapids, while the defense was conducted by G. W. Hall, of Minneapolis.  The evidence adduced against the accused was very pointed and abely presented  but was met in a masterly manner by overwhelming evidence.  The jury was drawn with great care, over 150 men being called before twelve men could be found suitable to act.  The case went to the jury on Tuesday, the 15th day of May at five o’clock p.m. and  the jury remained out all night and until 11:30 a.m. of the following day when they bought in a verdict of not guilty.  

There is a pathetic side to this case that is very touching and sounds like a dime novel yarn.  When Geo. A. Barclay was shot down by some dastardly coward a year ago last fall Bebo was suspected of the crime and close watch was placed on him which resulted later in his arrest and a hearing before Justice Sundberg where he as acquitted for lack of evidence.  Later on more evidence was found that seemed to prove his guilt and he was indicted by the grand jury a year ago.  Since that time he has been in close confinement in the county jail of Hennepin county and during this time two of his children have died and he was kept in total ignorance of the fact until he was brought here and placed on trial for his life.  A brother of Bebo was here to attend the trial and had manfully supported the prisoner broke down and wept like a child when the words “Not Guilty” fell from the lips of the judge.  

He was taken in toe by his attorney, shaved, wined and dined and started south the next morning in company with his wife and brother.  A great mistake has been made and no one realizes this more than do the officers of the law who were led by the combination of circumstances to believe in the guilt of the accused.  In fact we have heard Sheriff Hardy remark that as badly has he deplored the error, such had been the circumstances surrounding the case that if ever he was again placed in the same position he would be compelled to act just as he done on in this case.  The county attorney has been hard-worked during the past three weeks but has met half way every emergency. One, instance of his untiring zeal in behalf of the state was made manifest last Tuesday when he represented the state in the case against Geo. Franklin before Justice of Peace A.A. Oliver.  This case was called in the evening and lasted several hours, being a jury trial, yes we owe Hon. B.F. Hartshorn a vote of thanks.”

You can see Mr. Hartshorn’s tombstone and a brief biography of him at Find A Grave.  He is buried in the Motley Public Cemetery in Todd County, Minnesota.

http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=37482142

“Verdict of Not Guilty, Given in the Case of Louise Bebo at Walker,”

St. Paul. May 16, a special from Walker, Minn. says; The Trial of Louise Bebo for the murder of George A. Barclay at Pine River on Oct. 29, 1898, is ended after occupying the time of the court for over eight days.  The jury was out all night and until 11:25 this morning, when they returned a verdict of not guilty, and Bebo was given his liberty.  Bebo was arrested about 18 months ago on the same charge and discharged at the preliminary hearing before Justice E. R, Sundberg in this village for lack of evidence.  The matter was taken up again by the grand jury a year ago and an indictment brought in against him.  Since that time he has been in jail.  During his confinement two of his children have died and his homestead at Pine River has been taken possession of by another party.  Bebo is generally believed to be innocent and will return to Pine River and endeavor to regain possession of his homestead. 

Thursday, May 17, 1900, Minneapolis Journal, pg. 10.  Minnesota:

“Walker – The jury returned a verdict finding Bebo not guilty of murdering G.A. Barclay at Pine River, October 29, 1898.  The case was on trial over eight days.

Friday, May 18, 1900, The Brainerd Dispatch.  This was almost the same article from the Duluth newspaper with a little more detail in this account.

“Bebo Acquitted, The Verdict of Not Guilty is in Accord with Public Sentiment,”

“A dispatch from Walker on Wednesday says that the trial of Louis Bebo for the murder of George A. Barclay at Pine River on Oct. 29, 1898, is ended after occupying the time of the court for over eight days.  The jury was sent out at 6:20 on Tuesday evening and remained out all night and until 11:25 Wednesday morning, when they returned with a verdict of not guilty, and Bebo was given his liberty.  Bebo was arrested about eighteen months ago on the same charge and discharged at the preliminary hearing before Justice E.R. Sundberg for lack of evidence.  The matter was taken up again by the grand jury a year ago and indictment brought in against him.  Since that time until the opening of court three weeks ago he has been confined in the Hennepin county jail.  During his confinement there two of his children have died and his homestead at Pine River has been taken possession of by another party.  Bebo is generally believed to be innocent and is receiving congratulations on his acquittal from nearly every one in the village.  He will return to Pine River and endeavor to regain possession of his home.”

The news was featured in several other papers Cass Co. Independent Cass Lake Times May 17, 1900 and  the Thursday, May 17, 1900, Duluth News-Tribune (Duluth, MN) pg. 2 issue.

I wonder what my grandmother Grace thought about all this?  She may have been grieving not only for the loss of her father George A. Barclay but for the loss of her first-born child who did not survive.  This would have been George’s grandchild.  It was born and died on the 29th of August 1899 and is buried in an unmarked grave at the Evergreen Cemetery with its grandfather George and its baby uncle George A. Barclay.  There would be more children to come.

What happened to Bebo, well life didn’t treat him to well according to an article in the Cass County Pioneer, Feb. 28, 1902, he was judged insane by the Probate Court at Walker and taken to the asylum in Fergus Falls and later transferred to Hastings Hospital were he spent the rest of his life till 1945 and was buried in Osseo, Minnesota.

This murder took place 114 years ago.  The choices that were made that night of October 29, 1898 are now well beyond any resolution or placement of blame even though murder cases always remain open.  All the individuals there that night or those that may have been involved with the murder are all gone now, they all passed on so re-interviewing them would be impossible.  The Barclay Hotel where the crime took place went up in smoke in 1915. The buildings there are gone and it is a totally different town today. The case file is not complete in my estimation so any review or attempt to try to solve this crime would be pretty difficult.  Still, many questions, many theories of what happened but…

The trial was over, the verdict was brought in and Pine River moved into the new century and as they say life went on.

J.G. Dawes and Amarilla, 1902 courtesy of the city of Pine River - From Logsleds to Snowmobiles

J.G. Dawes and Amarilla, 1902 courtesy of the city of Pine River – From Logsleds to Snowmobiles

Amarilla was going in a new direction when the turn of the century came to Pine River.  She was going to be leaving behind her life with George Barclay and entering into another relationship with J.G. Dawes.  The picture above appears on page 113 of the Logsleds to Snowmobile book of the history of Pine River.

J.G. Dawes said in the Grand Jury proceedings in 1899, that he came to Pine River in February of 1899.  He came from St. Paul and Minneapolis.  He was a flour salesman and he came to make a deal with the Barclays.

By 1900 J.G. and Amarilla were together.  Apparently Amarilla made Dawes an offer he couldn’t refuse for he was working for her as a store clerk by 1900.

Line 63, dwelling 36, family 36, Barclay, Ammarilla, Head, white, female, born Nov. 1858, age 41, marital status: widowed, married 16 yrs., place of birth Iowa, father born in England, mother born in Ohio, occupation: owner of a store, can read and write and speak English. The rest of the columns were difficult to read.

Line 64, same dwelling & house numbers, Dawes, J.G., employee, white, male, born Mar, 1851, 47 years old, single, born in New York, father and mother were English, occupation: Store Clerk, can read, write and speak English.

Source: Amarilla Barclay Household, 1900 U.S. Federal Census, Twp. 137 R. 29 (Pine River), Cass County, Minnesota, SD# 6, ED#50, Sht 3, pg. 8, FHL #1240759, #8974.

They must have been something to see walking around the town dressed in their finest clothing as the picture above indicates.  Makes me wish I had known her and J.G. What stories they both would have told!

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