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Archive for the ‘Alexander Barclay’ Category

The decade of the 1890’s was going to be a very eventful decade for The Barclays of Pine River!  We begin this decade with George’s father and a Civil War pension.

Sadly the 1890 U.S. Federal Census was burned in a fire in 1921.  At Ancestry.com they have what they call the 1890 U.S. Census Fragment.  All that remains of Minnesota is Wright County:  Rockford.  There are other counties in other states but all total what survives is about 1233 pages?  Ouch!

There is a 1890 Veterans Schedule at Ancestry.com that can help the situation.  This is what Ancestry says about this schedule. 

“This database is an index to individuals enumerated in the 1890 special census of Civil War Union veterans and widows of veterans available on microfilm M123 (118 rolls) from the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). Although this schedule was to be used to enumerate Union veterans, in some areas, Confederate veterans were listed as well

Special Schedules of the Eleventh Census (1890) Enumerating Union Veterans and Widows of Union Veterans of the Civil War; (National Archives Microfilm Publication M123, 118 rolls); Records of the Department of Veterans Affairs, Record Group 15; National Archives, Washington, D.C.”

George A. Barclay is not listed in this Veteran’s schedule which only covers Leech Lake and Gull River for Cass County. Gull River is listed as “Grill” at Ancestry.  His brother Alexander is not listed in this Veteran’s schedule.  He is living in The Town of Eureka, Dakota County, Minnesota and that city is not listed either. 

Fortunately Eagle Creek in Scott County is listed and we find George and Alexander’s father featured. It was because of this list I learned that John Barclay did participate as a carpenter in the Civil War for a few short months towards the end of the war.

The top part of the Veterans Schedule for John Barclay:

Top Part of the Veterans Schedule

Zeroing in on John Barclay’s Civil War Service:

John Barclay Entry

Sometime there are remarks written at the bottom about a soldier, here is some information about John Barclay.  It is very difficult to read:

Remarks Veterans Schedule

Hse 57, Family 57 John Barclay, Carpenter Dec 1865 to June 1866, 6 mos. A note down below reads: Was sworn as a carpenter at St. Louis, Mo to serve ___M (quartermaster) at ____, Mo. was discharged at extinction of term.

Source:  1890 Special Schedules of the U.S. Surviving Soldiers, Sailors and Marines, and Widows, etc.  NARA: M123, Roll 23 Minnesota Veterans of 1890, pg. 1, SD 2, ED 177, line 7. FHL#3381823 Eagle Creek, Scott Co., Minnesota, pg. 1, #5757.

This Veterans Schedule for John Barclay lead me to his Civil War pension file which I will feature in the next post.

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The Civil War Blog post on Veterans Schedules was very interesting.  The focus is about the Civil War in Pennsylvania.  It is very interesting for the author explains how to read the schedule giving examples. There are other topics of interest as well.   

http://civilwar.gratzpa.org/2011/03/u-s-census-returns-1890-veterans-schedules/

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After the Civil War George and Alexander tried farming together in Dakota County, Minnesota.  

Minnesota has state census posted at Ancestry.com.  The 1865 does not have either one listed.  It looks like it was enumerated on June 1, 1865.  We know that George was mustered out in August and Alex was mustered out in July of 1865, both were honorably discharged.

By 1870  they are together in Eureka, Dakota Co., Minnesota in the U.S. Federal Census:

They are listed as farmers. Father and mother are of foreign birth. Both are listed as citizens. George is 26 yrs old and Alexander is 29. Both have 400 as value of their real estate. Sheet 17, page 117 in right corner. It was enumerated on October 29, 1870 by a K.D. Pettibone.

The interesting thing is they, George and Alex, are not listed as a separate household.  They are under a David Giles who is listed as 116 Dwelling and Family 108.  This David Giles has 10 family members. He is born in Rhode Island.  Various family members are born in Massachusetts, New York and Minnesota.  I do not know if there is a relationship to the Giles family for George and Alexander. 

The photo is of the historic Oliver Kelly Farm http://www.mnhs.org/places/sites/ohkf/  It is near Elk River which is located northwest of Minneapolis along the Mississippi River. 

Note:  Another confusing thing is Eureka is a township, not a town in Dakota Co.  Eureka-Shorewood could have you south of Lake Minnetoka if you are not careful.  Here again is Wikipedia and an explanation of the location: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eureka_Township,_Dakota_County,_Minnesota  (This is an update).

The Giles Family as listed in the 1870 US Census:

  • David Giles 52, M, W, Farmer, $600, Rhode Island (David is added 3/11/2012)
  • Fannie G. 46, born in Mass
  • George A. age 23, farm labor born in New York
  • Edward M, age 21 born New York
  • Aloni C age 18 born in New York
  • Hiriam L. age 15 born in New York
  • Lillie age 10 born in Minnesota
  • Henry D age 12 born in Minnesota (His name is hard to read)
  • Lora D age 7 born in Minnesota
  • Frank E. age 2 born in Minnesota

The state census for Minnesota for 1875 reveals:

Alex Barkley (not spelling) age 30 born in Conn., parents both born in Scotland is living in Eureka, Dakota Co., Minnesota.  He is on line 37.  On line 33 in house 82 is a Fannie Giles with 3 other family members. 

Alex is not listed as a separate house.  He is right under this family.  Fannie is 51 born in Mass as well as her parents.  There is no David Giles at this time implying she is now a widow?   Fannie has 3 sons living with her Alvin age 28, born in New York, Lawrence age 12 and Frank age 7 born in New York. 

Somehow I feel there is a connection to this Giles family but so far I do not know what that is?  We may find more clues when we look at Alex’s land holdings.

George, Alex’s brother, is not listed as living with Alexander.  In fact, a search of the 1875 Minnesota State census one cannot find George at all.  Studying the Ancestry.com 1875 entries we learn that Cass County and Crow Wing County are not featured in the listing and I am not finding another source.

From this point on Alex remains in Dakota County farming his land.  He never marries or has any children as we will see. Something happened that caused George Angus Barclay to strike out on his own even though he cared about his brother Alex.  I think great grandpa had something else in mind!

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My map that I made from the Microsoft Street’s and Trips software is not real detailed but I think it gives some interesting clues as to the movements of the 4th and the 9th Regiments of Minnesota.  I have wanted to do a comparison for quite some time.   

Key to the Maps: 

  • Red Flags represented the 9th Regiment which was George Barclay’s regiment.
  • Turquoise Flags represented the 4th Regiment which was brother Alexander Barclay regiment.
  • Purple Flags represented General Sherman and I confined myself to the Marches to the Sea and through the Carolina’s. 

Some of the flags as a tag with a date of that particular event or location.  Some locations are on the way to a battle or to accomplish some goal known to the higher command.  I was not able to pin down all locations given in the regimental histories and had to make choices because I was running out of room.   

Tip:  Click on the maps and they will open to a bigger size.  You might have to adjust a little with another click.  Don’t forget to hit the back arrow to return to the blog.   

Here is the map from George’s 9th Regiment and General Sherman:  

9th Regiment Locations
Here is the map adding Alexander’s 4th Regimental movements and more of General Sherman and the Carolinas:

Map of 9th & 4th Reg't Movement

 

Comparing the two maps you see that there a lot more flags in turquoise than in red.  At times it appears that the 9th and the 4th are right on top of each other but if you compare dates they are in the areas at totally different times.  

The map below is the start of the Civil War for the 4th and 9th Regiments.  Both brothers headed south at slightly different times. 

4th and 9th Start of Civil War

 

 The map below focuses on the states of Kentucky and Tennessee:  

Civil War - KY & TN

 

 The map below shows a little more detail on Tennessee and movements into Mississippi: 

TN and Mississippi

 

 The map below goes deeper into Mississippi and Louisiana for the brothers at different times: 

Louisiana and Mississippi Locations

 

 This map shows the 4th Regiments marches through Georgia and the Carolinas which mirror those of General Sherman:  

The March thru George and the Carolinas

 

 The 4th Regiment marches in the Grand Review in Washington D.C. in 1865:  

Alex marches in the Grand Review

 

The 4th Regiments heads home  in 1865 and 9th soon follows:  

Alex and George Return Home 1865

 

This was a fun exercise and gives me an idea of what my great-grandfather George A. Barclay and his brother Alexander Barclay experienced.  It is amazing that both George and Alexander came back alive.   

In the next post we will add their father John Barclay’s Civil War service to the mix. Fortunately he only served a short time toward the end of the war in a civil capacity as a carpenter.  

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Alexander Barclay (Barkley) was a soldier in Co. C, 4th Regiment, Volunteer Infantry from Minnesota.  

Once again I seek out this book with a slight variation in author: 

Book:  The Civil and Indian Wars of Minnesota, 1891,  Narrative of the 4th Regiment by Captain Alonzo L. Brown, pages 195 to 220.    There was a copy of this book in the Minnesota Historical Society, Ancestry.com has a copy and Internet Archives at: http://www.archive.org/details/minnesotacivil01minnrich  

“The men were mostly from Dakota county, the headquarters of the company being at Lakeville.  The company proceeded to Fort Snelling and was mustered in on October 7th…” pg. 198. 

“On March 18th, (1862) adjutant General O. Malmros issued an order for the regiment to proceed to St. Louis.  This order he modified on the 19th, by directing a delay of the movement until the opening of navigation.” pg. 199. 

My goal here is not to rewrite the history of this regiment but to identify dates and locations of Alexanders regiment to his brother George’s regimental movements.  This version of the 4th’s history is very detailed and a summary of the events.  The map shows Red for the 9th Reg’t. (George) and Turquoise for the 4th Reg’t (Alex) and Purple for General Sherman highlighting the March to the Sea and through the Carolinas. 

Map of 9th & 4th Reg't Movement

 

 1.  Off to the South April 20, 1862 to April 23, 1862: St. Louis, Benton Barracks on the outskirts of the city. 

On April 20, 1862 the side-wheel steamboat Sucker State landed at Fort Snelling, and six companies of the regiment, accompanied by the regimental band, and in command of Lt. Colonel Thomas, embarked upon it and started for St. Louis, to report to Major General Halleck.  As the boat approached St. Paul the bluffs and river banks were crowded with people who waved their hands and ‘kerchiefs…the steamer soon swung around and headed down stream on its journey, the band playing “The Girl I Left Behind Me….” 

Website on Benton Barracks with wonderful pictures: http://www.usgennet.org/usa/mo/county/stlouis/benton.htm 

 2.  On Sunday, 2nd of May, 1862 the regiment left Benton Barracks on the steamboat John J. Roe and landed at Cairo and Paducah then proceeded up the Tennessee River.  They arrived at Fort Henry and moved up the river another eight miles and disembarked at Paris Landing.  On the boat the Gladiator they proceed further up the Tennessee River to Brown Landing, Tennessee arriving on the 13th.  On May 14th they arrived at Hamburg Landing, Tennessee and left the Gladiator marching two miles to Childer’s Hill where they encamped.  The next day they marched to join the army under General Halleck and were assigned to the First Brigade (Buford’s), Third Division (Hamilton’s), Army of the Mississippi. 

Here is a link to Wikipedia’s biography of General Henry W. Halleck:  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Wager_Halleck  

3.  Seige of Corinth May 12th to August 1862:  Moved toward Corinth slowly and on the 18th of May advanced to Farmington.  May 30th they discovered the enemy had evacuated and they pursued them 20 miles south to Boonville (maybe Booneville, MS) and then returned to fives miles from Corinth established camp at Clear Creek.  During the latter part of June they marched toward Holly Springs passing through Rienzi and on as far as Ripley then returned to Clear Creek.  In August they marched 12 miles to Jacinto

4.  Battle of Iuka September 19, 1862:  Jacinto to Iuka…the battle began on the 19th and 20th of September returning to Jacinto and then within three miles of Corinthhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Iuka 

5.  Battle of Corinth October 3-4, 1862: http://americancivilwar.com/statepic/ms/ms002.html 

6.  Campaign down the Mississippi Central Railroad:  Left Corinth and marched to Grand Junction and then onto Holly Springs.  Then from Davis Mills to LaGrange and west to Moscow then marched with Grant during the last of November to Cold Water, Holly Springs and the Tallahatchie River.   Traveled down the Mississippi Central railroad in November 1862 to reach Vicksburg and fell back to Oxford and then back to Memphis

7.  The Yazoo Pass Expedition in the winter of 1862 was organized to turn the enemy’s right at Haines Bluff and compelling the evacuation of that position and using it for operations against Vicksburg.  

8.  Battle of Port Gibson May 1863:  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Port_Gibson  

9.  Battle of Milliken’s Bend June 7, 1863:  Above Vicksburg along the Mississippi River:  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Milliken’s_Bend  

9. Running the Batteries — Vicksburg:  From Milliken’s Bend to the point a little below Grand Gulf the army embarked and cross the river to Bruinsburg.  No losses at Port Gibson, Forty Hills on May 3rd, nor Raymond on May 12th and at Jackson on May 14th. 

9.   Battle of Champion Hills  May 16, 1863 and after this battle aided in building a bridge across the Big Black so the Seventeenth Corps could cross to go to Vicksburg. http://battleofchampionhill.org/ 

10.  Seige of and Assault on Vicksburg May to July 1863:  They aided other units. They traveled to Mechanicsburg and then moved down to Snyder’s Bluff near Vicksburg and later to Vicksburg and formed a part of the army of occupation of that city after its surrender. http://www.nps.gov/vick/index.htm 

11.  Battle of Chattanooga:  Left Vicksburg on 12th of September, 1863 for Little Rock and Helena and then to Memphis.  Marched to Chattanooga via Winchester over the Cumberland Mountains to Sweden Cove and on to Bridgeport.  Bivouacked in the ravines near Crane’s Hill across from Chattanooga Nov. 23, 24, 25, 1863. General Sherman’s army landed above the city of Chattanooga.  Then they marched to Bridgeport and on to Huntsville and went to destroy ferryboats passing through Madison Station and back to Huntsvillehttp://www.aotc.net/Chattanooga.htm 

12.  Battle of Altoona (Spelled Allatoona) Oct 5, 1864:  Arrived in Stevenson, Alabama and proceeded to Kingston, Georgia in time to celebrate the 4th of July (1864).  Marched from Kingston to Altoona and formed a part of the force stationed there.  Altoona is 40 miles north of Atlanta.  The 4th Regiment was in the thick of this battle to protect General Sherman’s supplies and communications.   Atlanta was captured about September 2d and Hood left. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Allatoona 

13.  March to the Sea:  After Atlanta was taken 

“During the progress of the battle, General Sherman, from the heights of Kenesaw Mountain, and about eighteen miles away, toward Atlanta, signaled to Altoona to learn if Corse had arrived, and received a signal reply that satisfied him, and this circumstance is referred to in the song, “Hold the Fort for I am Coming.”  Sherman’s army soon followed closely after Hood’s, who retreated toward Alabama, and in a few days our communications were again open.  Active preparations were now made for the campaign through Georgia to Savannah.  Supplies were rapidly brought to the front, the convalescents and those unable to travel were sent North, and the army was stripped of surplus animals and property, which were sent to the rear, and on the 14th of November it had assembled at and near Atlanta.  On the 15th it started on the March to the Sea.” pg. 216.  

“Our regiment marched with the rest of General John E. Smith’s Third Division of the Fifteenth Corps, Colonel Tourtellotte in command, and having received several hundred recruits from Minnesota while at Altoona, during the months of September and October, was pretty full in numbers.” pg. 216. 

“The kind people of Georgia made but little opposition to our advance.  Their sweet potato patches were generally numerous, their corncribs abundant, and the melody of their garden fowls sounded as sweetly to the ears of our “bummers” as that of their relatives…And as the country had not been stripped of its supplies by the operation of hostile forces, it yielded sufficient, so that, with the rations carried in the army trains, and a very large drove of cattle that we started with, there was not much suffering on the excursion through the state.  There were no battles, and only an occasional skirmish fought.  With the exception of three rainy days the weather was pleasant during the entire time previous to December 7th…On arriving at Gordon…destroyed a mile and a half of the Macon railroad…Our army arrived before Savannah on the 10th day of December…Our rations got short on approaching the vicinity of Savannah and the men suffered considerable privation.  The city having been evacuated by Hardee’s forces, our army took possession on the 21st.”  pg.216 

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sherman’s_March_to_the_Sea 

From this point the Sherman Marched through the Carolinas by boat to Beaufort, rains flood the Savannah river and they had trouble with the wagons crossing and lost some of them.  Marched inland from Beaufort to by Pocotoligo to McPhersonville around January 31st (1865), arriving at Duck Creek

Out regiment was sent to drive them away, and after deploying several companies as skirmishers, out boys charged through the stream, which was waist-deep, and found a fine plantation on the other side.” pg. 217. 

 They then moved on to the Salkehatchie Swamp and River and came to the railroad near Bamberg where they destroyed the rails.  From there they marched across the Edisto River toward Orangeburg then turned north toward Columbia marching through that city on the 17th of February (1865) establishing camp outside Columbia.  They left Columbia on the 20th after they destroyed ammunition and ordnance stores of the enemy.  Marched over high, rocky and rolling country to the Wateree River and the vicinity of Little Lynches Creek although the land was flat the rain fell “incessantly.”  Moved over to the Big Lynches Creek in prep to fight the enemy but found flood waters which they crossed to Cheraw reaching that on March 3rd to find more supplies of the enemy to use.  They remained a few days and marched to Fayetteville dealing with rain and mud on this march. 

“On arriving near Shoe-Heel Creek, our men worked all night long, pulling and lifting the mule teams and wagons over a bottomless swamp, rain falling incessantly.  On the 12th of March we reached the vicinity of Fayetteville, and crossing the Cape Fear River, established our camp near the town.  We left this camp in a rainstorm, and marching all day, over, under and through a flat country, night overtook us stuck in the mud, with the teams down in all directions.  For three days we fought with the elements of mud and rain.” pg. 217.  

14.  Battle of Bentonville took place on the 19th, 20th and 21st of March 1865 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Bentonville when Johnson retreated they marched to Goldsboro and camped near that city.  They left there on April 10th and marched for Raleigh and camped near the city.  Johnson surrendered on April 26th and they learned of President Lincoln’s assassination.  On the 29th of April they marched for Richmond and on to Washington passing through Petersburg and arrived at Richmond on the 10th of May near Manchester.  From Richmond they marched through Fredericksburg, Dumfries and the grounds of Mt. Vernon viewing George Washington’s grave and onto Alexandria

“On the 24th of May the regiment marched at the head of the column of General Sherman’s grand army of 65,000 veterans in the review at Washington, and, passing through the city, established its camp five miles out at Crystal Springs.  Leaving its camp near Washington the last of May, the regiment marched to the city and with the rest of the Army of the Tennessee moved by rail to Parkersburg on the Ohio River.  Embarking on the steamboat Champion, it proceeded with the rest of the army down the river to Louisville, Ky. and established its camp near that city, and there remained until July 19, 1865, when it was mustered for discharge out of the service.  The next day the command embarked upon the cars and proceeded on its journey to St. Paul, passing through Indianapolis, Chicago and Milwaukee.  On arriving at La Crosse we embarked on the steamboat Northern Belle, and on July 24th arrive at St. Paul.” pg. 218   

In summary, I think we know who “Marched to the Sea.”  Alexander applied for his Civil War Pension and in those documents from the National Archive I find more evidence that Alex was with Sherman.

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Let us turn our attention to Alexander Barclay’s Civil War Service record and see if we cannot find any clues to this mystery of which brother “Marched to the Sea’ with General Sherman.  I obtained Alex’s Civil War service record from the National Archives before they increased the fee and see the Blogroll to the right for the link.

Fort Snelling 1820-1830

George’s brother Alexander Barclay mustered in to the Civil War at Fort Snelling approximate one year before George.

I visited Fort Snelling near Minneapolis and St. Paul.  The photo shows the fort as it was in about 1827, which is 34 years earlier than the Civil War but inside the museum buildings they have maps and pictures that show the fort through the years.  It gave me an idea of what it might have been like for both George and Alexander.  The Minnesota Historical Society has many historical properties like this that you can visit if you become a member and travel in Minnesota.  I have a link under Blogroll to the right for the society. 

Alexander’s Civil War Service record was listed under “Barkley.”  Alex has 27 cards in his service record. 

1. Company Muster-in Roll:  (All cards have B, 4, Minn at the top)

Alex Musters In

 Alexander Barkley, Pv, Capt. Donaldson’s Co., 4 Reg’t Minn. Vol.s* (*This organization subsequently became Co. C, 4 Reg’t. Minn Inf.), Age 19 years. Ft. Snelling, Minn. Oct. 7, 1861, joined for duty and enrolled Sept 25, 1861 at Ft. Snelling for 3 years.  R.M. Elliott, Copist.2.  Company Muster Roll:

Alexander Barkley, Pv, Co., C, 4 Reg’t Minnesota Infantry. Nov. & Dec. 1861, Present, R.M. Elliott, Copist.

3.  Company Muster Roll:

Jan & Feby, 1862, Present, R. M. Elliott, Copist.

4.  Company Muster Roll:

Mch & Aprl, 1862, Present, R.M. Elliott, Copist.

5.  Company Muster Roll:

May/June 1862, Present, R.M. Elliott, Copist.

6.  Company Muster Roll:

July & Aug, 1862, Present, R.M. Elliott, Copist.

7.  Company Muster Roll:

Sept & Oct., 1862, Present, R.M. Elliott, Copist.

8.  Company Muster Roll:

Nov & Dec., 1862, Present, R.M. Elliott

9.  Company Muster Roll:

Jan & Feb., 1863, Present, R.M. Elliott, Copist.

10.  Special Muster Roll: 

Dated Apl 18, 1863, Present, Remarks:  Sick in quarters., J.R. Funk, Copist.

11.  Company Muster Roll:

Mch & Apl, 1863, Present, J. R. Funk, Copist.

12.  Company Muster Roll:

May & June, 1863, Present, J.R. Funk, Copist.

13.  Company Muster Roll:

July & Aug. 1863, Present, Jr. R. Funk, Copist.

14.  Company Muster Roll: 

Sept & Oct, 1863, Present, J.R. Funk, Copist.

15.  Company Muster Roll:

Nov & Dec, 1863, Present, J.R. Funk, Copist.

 16.  Detachment Muster-out Roll:

Alex Musters Out!

Muster-out to date Dec 31, 1863, Last Paid to Oct. 31, 1863. Roll dated Huntsville, Ala. Feb. 5, 1864.  Clothing account:  Last settled Dec 31, 1862; drawn since $23.23, due soldier $18.77.  Due U.S. – $100.00.  Remarks:  Dischged by virtue of re-enl. as Vet Vol. under the provisions of G.O. 191 series of 1863 from the W.D., H.E. Arnold, Copyist. 

 

17.  M. and D. Roll of Veteran Volunteers:

Roll dated Huntsville, Ala. Feb. 5, 1864. When enlisted Jan 1, 1864, When mustered into date Jan 1, 1864.  Bounty paid, $60.00. Remarks: Remustered as Vet. Vol. under G.O. No. 191, War Dept. Series 1863., Wines, Copist.

NOTE:  There were two enlistment papers in Alex’s file. 

First page:  his “Volunteer Enlistment” in Alabama at Huntsville.  Alexander Barkley born in Hartford Co., Connecticut, aged nineteen years, by occupation a soldier do hereby acknowledge to have volunteered this first day of January 1864 to serve as a Soldier in the Army of the United States of America for the period of 3 years….sworn and subscribed to at Huntsville, Ala. this 1st day of January, 1864 before Wm. T. [Killbridge], Reg’t 4th Minn., signed Alexander Barkley. Examined by E. W. Cross, 4th Minn. Vol. Inft. Examing Surgeon..the soldier has hazel eyes, light hair, light complexion, is 5 ft, 3-1/2 inches high. [James C. Edson, Cprt. 4th Reg. of Minn. Voltrs. Mustered into service…C. 4th Reg. of Minnesota Vol. on the first day of January, 1864, at Huntsville, Alabama, [     ] W. Osborne, Capt. 12th Infantry, A.C. M. 3rd Div. 15th Army Corps.

The second page was the “Declaration of the Recruit” which repeats much of the same information listed above.

18.  Company Muster Roll:

Jan & Feb. 1864, Present, Vet. Vols., J.R. Funk, copist.

19.  Company Muster Roll:

Mch & Apl, 1864, Present, Remarks: Vet Vol., J.R. Funk, Copist.

20.  Company Muster Roll:

May & June, 1864, Present, Sullivan, Copist.

21.  Company Muster Roll:

July & Aug., 1864, Sullivan, Copist.

22.  Company Muster Roll:

Sept. & Oct., 1864, Present.  Remarks:  Promoted from Private Oct. 12, 1864 S.O. 47, Regt. Hd. Qrs., Sullivan, Copist. Corpl. Alexander Barkley, Co. C, 4th Reg’t Minnesota Infantry. 

23.  Company Muster Roll:

Nov. & Dec., 1864, Present, Remarks:  Promoted from private Oct. 12, 1863 S.O. 47, Regt. Hd. Qrs., Sullivan, Copist.

Note:  Sherman’s March to the Sea started on Nov. 18, 1864.

24.  Company Muster Roll:

Jan & Feb, 1865, Present, Remarks:  Appointed from private Oct. 12, 1864. S.O. 47, Regt. Hd. Qrs., Sullivan, Copist.

25.  Company Muster Roll:

Mch & Apr. 1865, Present, Remarks:  Promoted from private Oct. 12/64 S.O. 47, Reg. Hd. Qrs., Sullivan, Copist.

26.  Company Muster Roll:

May & June, 1864, Present, Sullivan, Copist.

27.  Co. Muster-out Roll:

Final Muster Out!

Alexander Barkley, Corpl., Co. C, 4, Reg’t, Minn. Inf., Age 21 years, roll dated Louisville, Ky, July 19, 1865, Muster-out date, July 19, 1865, Last paid Apr. 30, 1865. Clothing Account: due U.S. $15.00.  Due US for arms…$0, Bounty paid, $210.00; due $190.00. Remarks:  Promoted from Private Oct. 12/64. Easterling, [Compant/Compaut].

Note:  Brackets indicate that I cannot read the writing and I am guessing.

There is nothing in Alexander’s Civil War Service record that states anything unusual about his service other than he re-enlisted at the end of 1864 and was promoted to Corporal about the time of Sherman’s march.  The spelling of the Barclay name as “Barkley” means that Alex used a different version than his brother George. 

In the next post we will examine the events of Co. C, 4th Reg’t of the Minnesota Infantry and we will discover some very interesting information!

 

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My great-grandfather George Angus Barclay mustered into the Civil War a year after his brother Alexander Barclay.  Their father John Barclay also served for a very short time as a carpenter, which was his occupation.   They all served out of Minnesota.  

In the Logsled to Snowmobiles book written by the town of Pine River for their bicentennial in 1973, it is implied that George and Alexander entered military service together.  This did not happen.  Alexander went in first in Sept 1861 and George followed him a year later.  There father served much later in the war.  

“…and together they enlisted on August 15, 1862 in the Union Army! pg. 104 Logsleds to Snowmobiles.  

The date of August 15, 1862 is correct for George’s enlistment.  He mustered in at Fort Ridgely http://www.mnhs.org/places/sites/fr/  It was two days before the Dakota Indian uprising began!  (See the Wikipedia article link given below.) 

I worked at a local community college in years past and a coworker of mine had retired from the Army.  He had served in the Quartermaster’s Department and was a Civil War buff.  We sat down and I showed him the records I had received and he studied them.  He told me:   

First, I was lucky to get the Civil War service and pension files for a lot of the more common soldiers did not get recorded.  Apparently my ancestors had skills that were needed. 

Secondly, George might have been too young and small to enter with Alexander, who was about 19 years old in 1861 when he mustered in.  George maybe needed to mature physically or get some skills?  My great-grandfather was not a big man as you will see.  George would be 18 in 1862 and that might have been why he was delayed although I am aware that younger boys were in this war.  It is fun to speculate.  

Back in 2001 I had the good fortune to travel to Minnesota and visit the state.  I became a member of the Minnesota Historical Society and they offer admission to various historical sites among them are Fort Ridgely and Fort Snelling.  

Fort Ridgely, Minnesota

 

Fort Ridgely Museum

 

I was told that the farmers in the area took away the stones to use in their houses and fields after the Civil War.  These stones had been used to build the barracks and other buildings at Fort Ridgely.  The only remains are the outlines of the buildings in the ground so that is why you don’t see anything except the museum and monument.  The museum has a lot of wonderful exhibits and one in particular was the soldiers’ uniform.  I have often wondered what happened to George’s coat and was told he probably worn it till it wore out.  

They also have exhibits about the Dakota Indian uprising.  I asked if George would have received any training and the volunteer at the museum told me that he probably was just dumped into the fight fresh.  The monument you see in the first photo has the names of the soldiers that didn’t survive the conflict imprinted on it.  

Wikipedia has some very interesting information about this conflict:  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dakota_War_of_1862  

The Fort Ridgely volunteer also got excited and looked George up in his records and found him.  

“George became a wagoner with Company A, Ninth Volunteer Infantry. pg. 104 Logsleds to Snowmobiles. “ 

This statement is true about George’s service in the Civil War but he was in company “I” not “A.”  He was a wagoner and he did serve and survived.  A lot of men did not for my coworker friend told me that it was a cruel war.  

I was very fortunate to order the civil war service and pension records for George, Alexander and John Barclay before The National Archives (NARA) increased the cost.  In my opinion it is worth it.  I have learned so much about my ancestors from these files.  

I will describe the Civil War experiences of these three men in the following posts.

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Minnesota 1857 Census

 

By 1857 George and Alexander are living with their father John Barclay in Eagle Creek, Shakopee, Scott County, Minnesota. 

On Line 20 we find John Barclay age 46, male, white, born in Scotland and a farmer.  Below him is Alex age 16 born in Connecticut and then there is George age 14 born in Connecticut.  

Here is the beginning of evidence that points to Connecticut as Alexander and George’s birthplace.  

The question is how did they get from Connecticut to Minnesota? 

The Logsleds to Snowmobile Book by the city of Pine River gives this statement: 

“Sometime before the Civil War his mother died, and George and his brother, Alexander, were placed in different foster homes.  George ran away from his “turf family,” found his brother, and together they enlisted on August 13, 1862 in the Union Army.” page 104.  

What a great and wonderful adventure these two young men would have had.  I often ponder it, wondering what route they took, what sights they saw.  How did they know their father was in Minnesota?  

I have been to Enfield and drove from Enfield to East Windsor where the 1850 Census places these brothers living near each other.  I was curious as to the distance.  It is close and took about 5-10 minutes to drive it.  Two young boys without means they would have had to walk to get to each other unless they talked a good story to someone and hitched a ride.  It is doable.  

Based on the 1850 Census which I have discussed in past posts (April 11, 2010) we have seen that Alexander was in East Windsor and George was in Enfield, Connecticut. 

I have a theory.  There was an older brother name John Avery Barclay who would have been about 20 or 21 years old in 1857.  I talked about the 1850 Census for Enfield in which I found a John Bartley about the right age living in Enfield (April 18, 2010 post).  Alex was 16 and George 14 when they were with their father in 1857.  Maybe this is a little more involved than is realized?  

Their older brother John Avery Barclay takes up residence in Silbey Co., Minnesota in the 1860 Census.  He is living in Kelso and farming.  He is 25 years old.  The only evidence that this John is a brother is from Alexander’s probate file.  I will talk more about this brother and his family in future posts.  

Of course this is idea that they all came together is speculation on my part.  

As for the comment about the Civil War, well it is not quite right.  Alexander enlisted first and then George followed him a year later.  I will discuss the Civil War service of Alexander, George and John Barclay Sr. in future posts.  Each person was involved in very different ways and all survived to live for many years beyond.

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