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Archive for the ‘John Barclay’ Category

The 1890 Veterans schedule was helpful in locating my 2nd great-grandfather John Barclay’s Civil War Pension file. 

I obtained a “National Archives Order for Copies of Federal Pension or Bounty Land Warrant Applications” back in January 21, 2002.  I filled out the form as best I could, using the 1890 Veterans Schedule page for John Barclay, and mailed it to the National Archives in Washington D.C.  NARA completed the processing on February 22, 2002.  So I didn’t have to wait too long for the package arrived in a month.  NARA now has an online ordering service.  I caution you that Civil War pensions are expensive. 

The file was not very big and contained only a few pieces of paper.  There were about 8 items.  The file included the following:

1. Soldier’s Original Card – #1000697, John Barclay, Carpenter, Q.M. Dept., U.S. Vol., #1144, 25

2. Declaration for Invalid Pension, State of Minnesota, Scott Co., 22 September 1890.  This is a summary of the contents: 

John Barclay aged 75 years resident of town of Eagle Creek, County of Scott, State of Minnesota, testifies and sworn…is the identical John Barclay who was enrolled first day of December 1864 as a Civilian Carpenter in the service of the United States, in the War of the Rebellion, and served at least ninety days, and was Honorably Discharged at Nashville, Tenn. on the 6th day of June, 1865. That he is wholly unable to earn a support by manual labor by reason of Rupture, Deafness and general debility. That he has not applied for pension ….paid fee of $10.00 Witnesses: Dennis Flaherty and Jno C. Lies. Signed: John Barclay

Dennis Flaherty and John C. Lies residing at Shakopee, Minn …they were present and saw John Barclay the claimant, sign his name….acquaintence with him for 20 years – Signed by Jno. C. Lies and Dennis Flaherty on 22 September 1890. Notary public: [J. W. Tencerbox]

3.  April 7, 1891 – Medical Affidavit – personally appeared before me Doctor H.O. Smith, resident of Shakopee, Scott Co., Minnesota.

I am a practicing physician in the City of Shakopee and have been for the past nine and one half years. That I have known said John Barclay for the past five years. That I have examined said John Barclay and find him to be suffering from the following disabilities which are permanent in and are not the result of his own vicious habits viz. nearly total diag.. in both ears – match with results. In to him you would be obliged to speak slowly and loud. Also hernia of right side size of tumor 3 1/2 by 4 inches. No is but it is easily have no interest in claim of applicant. H. O. Smith

4. Invalid Pension – Claimant John Barclay, Shakopee, Scott Co., Minn. Approvals: Rejected May 13, 1891 by Hayward, Examiner, Approved for rejection on the ground that clmt was a Civilian employee. No title under existing laws. H.W. Hall. May 23, 1891 – not pensioned under laws. Declaration filed Sept. 25, 1890, Rupture, Deafness, General Debility. Claimant was a Civilian employee and therefore not entitled under existing laws.

5. Card – Stamped REJECTED, Stamped ABANDONED, Hayward, Ex’r #1000697, John Barclay P.O. Shakopee, Scott Co., Minn. Service Carpenter, QM, Dept. U.S. Vols. Enlisted Dec. 11, 1864, Disch. June 6, 1865. Application filed Sept. 25, 1890. Any other Claim field No. #456202, Attorney Smith. Stamped May 15, 1891.

6. Back of card? April 2, 91, 1891 July 25 clmt. notified of rejection C.E.H.

7. Files Slip – No. 1000697, John Barclay, Carpenter, Q.M. Dept. U.S. Vols. Examiner Hayward

8. Letter: Shakopee, Minn Augt. 11, 1891

Letter of Appeal - John Barclay

Dear Sir: Your letter of 25th Ultimo advises that my claim #1000697 is rejected on the ground that I was a civilian employe and not entitled to a pension under existing laws. When I was sworn into the Service at St. Louis Mo. on or about Dec. 1, 1864. I was required to Swear to do and perform all the duties (if necessary) required of an enlisted man in the Military Service and while in the Service as a civilian under Capt. C. H. Irvin AQM was at all times in readiness to shoulder my gun if called upon in the defense of my Country. After taking such an Oath and being at all times in readiness to fulful my obligations why am I not entitled to the same benefit of an Enlisted man. While in the service I lost almost entirely the sense of hearing by reason of exposure in dragging wet lumber from the water and also became ruptured by reason of heavy lifting at Fort Morton, Tenn. rendering me in my old age wholly incapacitated for manual labor.

To The Commission of Pensions, Washington D.C. Respectfully: John Barclay.

Note:  Look closely at the different styles of handwriting.  I believe the signature is in John’s own handwriting. (Click on the photo and it will open to a larger window, remember to click the back button to return to this blog.)

Source:  John Barclay, Civil War Pension File, #1000697, Filed September 22, 1890, Rejected May 22, 1891, National Archives. 

In reviewing this pension file there are several items of interest to me:

  1. The dates of his service:  December 11, 1864 to June 6, 1865.  This is about 6 months of service.
  2. The process took from September 22, 1890 to August 11, 1891 which is almost a year.  They even tried after the official rejection of May 22, 1891 by writing a letter in August of 1891 but apparently nothing came of it.
  3. The pension claim was rejected because he was a “Civilian employee.”
  4. He had lost his hearing, had a hernia that was of considerable size and was not able to do manual labor. 
  5. That he is listed as 75 years old.  This is very interesting because I have his birth year as 1801 and here we have a year of birth of 1815. 
  6. It looks like he did sign several of these papers himself.  Most documents like the letter were written for him in a finer handwriting.

One of the witnesses:

Jno. C. Lies was b. 10 Jun 1854 in Buffalo, NY and died in Shakopee, Minnesota on 14 February 1907.  He was married to a Mary Flaherty b. 22 Mar 1864 in Marystown, MN d. 22 Jan 1914 in Shakopee, Minn.  This per the website at this link which might be him:  http://jstarks.qwestoffice.net/FamilyTree/n_4b.html  You will have to do a find using Shakopee to locate him. 

An an article at NARA in the Prologue Magazine for Spring 2010, Vol. 42, No. 1, “A Reasonable Degree of Promptitude,” Civil War Pension Application Processing, 1861 to 1885,” by Clair Prechtel-Kluskens.  This article discusses the laws up to 1885 regarding Civil War pensions.  It was not easy to obtain a pension.

http://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/2010/spring/civilwarpension.html

Additional Information of interest: 

Capt. C.H. Irvin AQM was apparently quite the builder.  I could find no biography of him online but more like bits and pieces of his service just by Googling him.  In an article in the archives of the New York Times he is listed as being in charge of corrals, stables, public animals, etc.  There is a PDF that had many references to this man one involved building a hospital in July of 1864 before John arrived.  Use Find to search for his name:

  http://www.artcirclelibrary.info/Reference/civilwar/1864-07.pdf

Fort Morton, Tennessee is long gone and is now a play field in Nashville.  Here is a link to a map of this historical location: http://www.rare-maps.com/details.cfm?type=maps&rid=850026

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The decade of the 1890’s was going to be a very eventful decade for The Barclays of Pine River!  We begin this decade with George’s father and a Civil War pension.

Sadly the 1890 U.S. Federal Census was burned in a fire in 1921.  At Ancestry.com they have what they call the 1890 U.S. Census Fragment.  All that remains of Minnesota is Wright County:  Rockford.  There are other counties in other states but all total what survives is about 1233 pages?  Ouch!

There is a 1890 Veterans Schedule at Ancestry.com that can help the situation.  This is what Ancestry says about this schedule. 

“This database is an index to individuals enumerated in the 1890 special census of Civil War Union veterans and widows of veterans available on microfilm M123 (118 rolls) from the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). Although this schedule was to be used to enumerate Union veterans, in some areas, Confederate veterans were listed as well

Special Schedules of the Eleventh Census (1890) Enumerating Union Veterans and Widows of Union Veterans of the Civil War; (National Archives Microfilm Publication M123, 118 rolls); Records of the Department of Veterans Affairs, Record Group 15; National Archives, Washington, D.C.”

George A. Barclay is not listed in this Veteran’s schedule which only covers Leech Lake and Gull River for Cass County. Gull River is listed as “Grill” at Ancestry.  His brother Alexander is not listed in this Veteran’s schedule.  He is living in The Town of Eureka, Dakota County, Minnesota and that city is not listed either. 

Fortunately Eagle Creek in Scott County is listed and we find George and Alexander’s father featured. It was because of this list I learned that John Barclay did participate as a carpenter in the Civil War for a few short months towards the end of the war.

The top part of the Veterans Schedule for John Barclay:

Top Part of the Veterans Schedule

Zeroing in on John Barclay’s Civil War Service:

John Barclay Entry

Sometime there are remarks written at the bottom about a soldier, here is some information about John Barclay.  It is very difficult to read:

Remarks Veterans Schedule

Hse 57, Family 57 John Barclay, Carpenter Dec 1865 to June 1866, 6 mos. A note down below reads: Was sworn as a carpenter at St. Louis, Mo to serve ___M (quartermaster) at ____, Mo. was discharged at extinction of term.

Source:  1890 Special Schedules of the U.S. Surviving Soldiers, Sailors and Marines, and Widows, etc.  NARA: M123, Roll 23 Minnesota Veterans of 1890, pg. 1, SD 2, ED 177, line 7. FHL#3381823 Eagle Creek, Scott Co., Minnesota, pg. 1, #5757.

This Veterans Schedule for John Barclay lead me to his Civil War pension file which I will feature in the next post.

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The Civil War Blog post on Veterans Schedules was very interesting.  The focus is about the Civil War in Pennsylvania.  It is very interesting for the author explains how to read the schedule giving examples. There are other topics of interest as well.   

http://civilwar.gratzpa.org/2011/03/u-s-census-returns-1890-veterans-schedules/

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John Barclay, the father of George and my 2nd great-grandfather, was farming and raising his second family in Eagle Creek Township, Scott County, Minnesota. 

I last featured my 2nd great-grandfather John Barclay in my post on this blog dated September 11, 2010 “John Barclay’s Land!”  http://barclayspineriver.wordpress.com/2010/09/11/john-barclays-land/  In this post I discussed the land patent he received on 10 September 1861. 

I return now, to the census and fortunately there are U.S. Federal and state census for Minnesota to study and I find John appearing consistently from 1857 through his death in 1895. 

John Barclay had two families as I featured in the posted dated April 3, 2010 “John Barclay’s Two Families.”  Some time around 1858-59 he remarried to a Helen.  There is some confusion as to what her first name was but the tombstone and other court documents use the name of “Helen.”   

We find the family of John and Helen Barclay living in Eagle Creek, Scott County, Minnesota in 1865:

Line 1, John Barkley, male. Helena Barkley, female. Charles, male. William, male. Mary, female.

Source:  1865 Minnesota State Census 1 June 1865, Family of John Barkley, Eagle Creek, Scott Co., page 1, Minnesota Film #MNSC_3 or FHL #565716,  or at Ancestry.com. This census was merely a list of names with little information other than what I have indicated here

On January 19, 1867 and interesting event takes place.  John Barclay sells 160 acres to his wife Helen.  The land parcel is NE1/4 S23, T115, R22 and that is the same as the patent he received in 1861.  What follows is a transcription to the best of my ability for the handwriting was difficult to read.

                 “Filed for Record January 21, 1867 at 12 [pm]

                              U.S.Int. Res. Stamp to the amount of 50 cents

                 This Indenture made this nineteenth day of January in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty seven between John Barclay Senr of the first part and Helen Barclay, Wife of John Barclay Senr of the second part, all of Scott County State of Minnesota.

                Witnesseth, that the said party of the first part, for and in consideration of Three Hundred Dollars, in hand paid by the said party of the second part the receipt whereof is hereby acknowledged, and the said party of the second part forever releases and discharges there from, has Granted, Bargained, Sold, Remised, Released, Aliened and Confirmed, and by these presents to grant, bargain, sell, remise, release, alien and confirm, unto the said party of the second part, and to her heirs  and assigns, forever, all the following described lot, piece of parcel of Land situated in the County of Scott and State of Minnesota, and known and described as follows, to wit:

                The North East Quarter of Section Twenty-three Township one hundred and fifteen North of Range twenty-two West containing one hundred and Sixty acres by Government Survey.  Together with all and Singular, the hereditaments and appurtenances as thereunto belonging or in anywise appertaining and the revision and reversions, remainder and remainders, rents, issues, and profits thereof: and all the estate right, title, interest, claim or demand whatsoever of the said party of the first part, either in law or equity, of, in and of the above bargained premises, with the hereditaments and appurtenances.  To have and to hold the said premises above bargained and described with the appurtenances, unto the said party of the second part his heirs and assigns forever.  And the said John Barclay Senr party of the first part, for himself his heirs, executors and administrators, does convent, grant, bargain, and agree, to [     ]  the said party of the second part her heirs and assigns, that all the time of ensealing and filing of these presents, he is well _____ of the premises, above conveyed as of a good, sure, perfect, absolute and indefeasible estate of inheritance in law in fee simple and has good right, full power and lawful authority to grant, bargain, sell and convey the same in manner and form aforesaid, and that the same are free and clear from all forms of other grants, bargains, sales, liens, ___ assessments and encumbrances of what kind or nature so ever: and that the above bargained premises in the quiet and peaceable possession of the said party of the second part, her heirs and assigns against all and every person or persons lawfully claiming or to claim the whole or any part, thereof, of the said party of the first part shall and will warrant and forever ______ .  In Testimony Whereof, the said party of the first part hereunto set his hand and seal the day and year first above written. 

 Signed, Sealed and Delivered in Presence of  Robert Ringhorn and Andrew Kearney.  Signed by John Barclay (Seal),

 State of Minnesota, County of Scott

 I, Dave Ringhorn Justice of Peace, in and for said County, in the State aforesaid, do hereby certify that John Barclay Sr personally known to be as the real person whose name is subscribed to the foregoing Deed, appeared before me this day in person, and acknowledged that he executed and Delivered the said Deed as his free and voluntary act for the use and purposes therein set forth.  Given under my hand and seal, this Nineteenth day of January in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-seven.

 (signed by) David Ringhorn, J. Peace. 

 Filed for Record January 21, 1867 at 2 p.m.”

Source:  Deed Record, Scott County Registry of Deeds, Scott County Courthouse, Vol. M, 1864-1867, pg. 560-561, FHL#1403553.  General Index for grantees A-L 1855-1899 FHL#140356.

The question is why would he sell his land to his wife?  It has been suggested that it might have been to avoid tax issues.  Maybe he was ill; however, he lives another 30 years?  Maybe someone was trying to take the land from him?  So we add this to the To Do list! 

A couple of years later in 1870, we find John and Helen still living in Eagle Creek township and their family has expanded. 

Dwelling 81, Family 81 – Barclay, John age 50, male, white, farmer, $800 real estate, $200 personal, born in Scotland, father and mother of foreign birth, eligible to vote. Barclay, [       ], age 45, female, white, keeping house, born in Sweden, father and mother of foreign birth. Barclay, Charles, age 10, male, white. Barclay, William, age 8, male, white. Barclay, Mary age 6, female, white. Barclay, Anna  age [1], female and white. All the children were born in Minnesota.

Source:  1870 U.S. Federal Census, Minnesota, Eagle Creek, Scott County, Minnesota. Heritage Quest Online.  They read T132, Roll 10, page 370.**

**The 1870 U.S. Federal Agricultural census pages included John Barclay and it provided a very nice description of his farm:

Line 17, Barkley John 20 acres, 20 acres unimproved, 800 cash value of farm, 150 in value of farming implements and equipment, 15 in total wages paid in year including value of board, 2 milch cows, 2 working oxen, 2 other cattle, 2 sheep, 2 swine, 200 value of all live stock, 200 value in Spring Wheat, 100 bu. in Indian corn, 5 lbs wool, 30 bu. Irish potatoes, 100 lbs butter, 6 tons hay, 50 dollars value of animals slaughtered or sold for slaughter, 150 estimated value of all farm production including betterments and additions to stock.

Source:  1870 Schedule 3 – Products of Agriculture in Town of Eagle Creek, County of Scott in the State of Minnesota, pg. 4-5, 7th day of June, 1870, [P.T. Moot]. 

We continue following the family in the Minnesota State census for 1875 and it reads:

Line 8, Family 58, John Barkley, age 62, Male, white, born in Scotland, parents both born in Scotland.  Helen Barkley, age 38, female, white, born in Norway, both parents born in Norway. Charles Barkley, age 15, male, white, born in Minnesota. William Barkley age 13, male, white, born in Minnesota. Maria Barkley, age 11, female, white, born in Minnesota. Anna Barkley, age 3, female, white, born in Minnesota.

Source:  1875 Minnesota State Census, Eagle Creek, Scott County, Minnesota, pg. 153, FHL#565728

The next time we find John Barclay is in the 1880 U.S. Federal Census, still in Eagle Creek Township.

Line 9, Family #242 Barclay, John, White, Male, age 65 married, farmer, born in Scotland, mother and father born in Scotland. Barclay, Ellen, white, female, age 48, wife, married, keeping house, born in Norway, parents born in Norway. Barclay, Charles, white, male, age 24, son, single, at home, born in Minnesota, father born in Scotland, mother in Norway. Barclay, William, white, male, age 17 , son, single staying at home, born in Minnesota. Barclay, Anna, white, female, age 10, daughter, at home, born in Minnesota.

Source:  1880 U.S. Federal Census, Eagle Creek Twp., Scott County, Minnesota, pg. 30, SD[2],, ED [?], T-9, Roll 633 MN.  What happened to the daughter Mary E.?  She is not listed in this census and the next and I was unable to find her living elsewhere?  It could suggest she died but as we will see that may not have been the case?

Remember the deed explain above where John gave his wife Helen the land.   H. Barclay appears on the 1880 platte map of Scott County, Minnesota as the owner of the land, John is not listed.

Platte map of Eagle Creek, Scott Co., Minnesota dated 1880, showing H. Barclay has 160 acres,  Twp 115, North Range 22, West of the 5th Principal Meridian.  Find the * over on the right of the platte map under the second E in creek.  (Click on the map and it will open in another window.  Don’t forget to hit your back button to return to this post.)  I obtained a copy of this map at the Scott County Historical Society in Shakopee.

Atlas Scott County 1880

John and Helen Barclay continue to remain in Eagle Creek Township as shown in the 1885 Minnesota State Census.

Family 98, John Barkley, age 70, male, white, born in Scotland, mother and father of foreign birth. Helen Barkley, age 53, female, white, born in Norway, both parents of foreign birth. William Barkley, age 23, male, white, born in Minnesota, both parents of foreign birth. Charley Barkley age 25, male, white, born in Minnesota, both parents of foreign birth, Annie age 15, female, white, born in Minnesota, both parents of foreign birth.

Source:  1885 Minnesota State Census, Eagle Creek Township, Scott County, Minnesota, pg. 14, FHL#565754 also at Ancestry.com.

As you can see from these census the Barclay name is spelled differently than I spell it: “Barkley.”  The ages of the family members change and the age for John himself varies widely over the years.  Helen’s first name changes from Ellen to Helen an in one case you can’t read it at all.  Her origins also change from Swedish to Norwegian and seem to stay with the later as time passes.  The one consistent is they stay on the land for a very long time.

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**Warning:  I was doublechecking the 1870 U.S. Federal Census at Ancestry.com and have found some problems.  Apparently the 1870 U.S. Federal is all jumbled up and missing pages for Eagle Creek. I did a browe through the Eagle Creek portion and it was a mess. 

John Barclay appears in an Agricultural Census that is tacked on to the end of Eagle Creek run.  It is  filmed with page 3 next to page 4 and the second part of page 4 is filmed with page 5 and so on.  This means you have to move to the next page to get the total picture.  

This is not the first time I have had problems with Ancestry.com census being wrong. 

I suggest you go to the Heritage Quest database usually online at your public library with the use of your library card.  The other option is to consult the U.S. Federal Census films at your local National Archives Branch or check for a run of films for the census at your local public library, genealogical society or historical.

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John Barclay really began to set down roots in Minnesota when he was awarded a patent for land in Eagle Creek, Scott Co., Minnesota.  Click on the link “patent” and it will take you to the BLM GLO search field for land patents.  When you locate John Barclay in Scott Co. click on that and you can obtain a copy of the patent.

Per Law of 1855 and Bounty Land given to men of service, Elizabeth Gilpatrick gives land as the widow of Thomas Gilpatrick Private in Captain Daggett’s Company., Massachusetts Militia, War of 1812 to John Barclay – NE qtr of Sec 23, Twp 115N, north of Range 22-West, No Fract. Section, 5th PM, 160 acres, Minnesota, Scott County. Signed by Abraham Lincoln, City of Washington Record Vol. 499, page 123.- #86 791 (291) Accession #MW-0499-123. March 3, 1855: Scrip Warrant Act of 1855 (10 Stat.701), dated 10 September 1861.  Land Office Henderson. Vol. W pg. 249-250, originally issued from Washington City, Family History Film #1043558 Scott Co., Minnesota Deeds/Indexes.

Here is a link to the Maine Genealogy website referencing a source on Massachusetts volunteer militia called out in the war of 1812-1814:  http://archives.mainegenealogy.net/2009/11/maine-militia-war-of-1812-lieut-col-j_14.html  Scroll down to Capt. Daggett’s Co. pg. 180 and you will find several Gilpatrick’s including a Thomas. 

Question:  What is the Gilpatrick’s relationship to John Barclay, if any?

This patent is also transcribed in the Deed books for Scott Co. Vol. W, pg. 249-250 FHL#1403558.

I also consulted the Tract Books when I visited the Family History Library in Salt Lake City.  The information I found on those films further verifies and gives additional information about John’s land.

Pg. 55 Part of Section NE 1/4, Section 23, Twp. 115, Range 22 for $160.00, Loc. by John Barclay 1 Dec. 1860 – John Barclay #5522, Mch 12 and June 11, 1856.

Also describes the other sections and who purchased them – James Hamilton NW1/4 and Michael A. Vierling SE1/4, SW1/4 not noted. Second pg. 86791 Oct. 1855 #5871.

Source: Tract Books, Minnesota – John Barclay, U.S. Government, Bureau of Land Management, Vol. 103, Twp. 112-115 N, Range 18 W Vol. 103-105 Twp. 111-115 N Range 19-29 W – Vault Film #1445667, pg. 55.

Approximate Location of Land

Microsofts Streets and Trips 2010 version. Click on the map for a bigger view.

“…Alexander moved to the area of Farmington, Minnesota, not far from Shakopee where George’s father chose to live “because it reminded him of his native Scotland.”  Logsleds to Snowmobiles pg. 105.

In 2007 I traveled to Shakopee, Minnesota and visited the area.  The downtown area of Shakopee has been revitalized and I could not help myself when I saw the sign. 

Eagle Creek Road SignShakopee Minnesota 2007

Shakopee Minnesota 2007

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Naturalization Papers

Several events had taken place in the life of George and Alexander’s father before the Civil War began.  John Barclay naturalized as a citizen in 1855.  This document was found in the records of the Territory of Minnesota, Scott Co., Declarations of Intent #118 at the Scott County Historical Society:

 

Here is the best interpretation of the handwriting:   

Territory of Minnesota, County of Scott – I John Barclay do and on my oath declare that I first arrived in the United States about the fifteen day of November in the year 1833. That I have since that time continued to reside in the United Sates, and that it is bona fide my intention to become a Citizen of the United States, and to denounce forever all allegiance and fidelity which I’m _____ to any foreign ___, Potentate, State or Sovereignty and particularly all allegiance and fidelity which I have to Victoria I, Queen of Great Britain of whom I have heretofore been a Subject. Subscribed and sworn to this 12th day of June A.D. 1855 before Mr. G. Ab_____dorf, Clerk. – Territory of Minnesota, Scott Co., Sign by John Barclay. 

I find this document to be both wonderful and frustrating.  

So far I have not been able to find anything that fits the date of November 15, 1833 for John Barclay coming into the U.S.  I still have more researching to do regarding John’s immigration.  The possibility that he came in through Canada is not something to ignore.  There were weavers in the area around Ottawa who came to homestead.  If  he was connected to the Scottish weavers that came to Thompsonville, Connecticut to work in the carpet factory that adds a little more of a challenge to this puzzle.   Thompsonville is part of Enfield, Connecticut. 

The vague reference to Queen Victoria without specifically mentioning Scotland is frustrating.  This is however typical of most naturalizations done through the courts. The other possibility is that John was in England for a while before he immigrated to the US.  This document catalogued under Declaration of Intention so that implies there is another document finalizing it but I have not been able to locate one. 

I attended a lecture in April 2010 at the National Genealogical Society Conference by John Philip Colletta.  John stated that people would frequently forget 20 years later the exact date of their arrival in the United States.  They might remember the day but the year could be wrong, so broaden your search.  

If he immigrated in 1833 that means he has been in this country 20 years by the time I pick up his trail if he truly was born in 1801 and he appears in Eagle Creek, Shakopee, Scott County, Minnesota.  According to his son Alexander’s probate file the first son John A. Barclay would have been born about 1836 if the age given is correct.  The Minnesota census have the son John Barclay living in Sibley Co., Minnesota as born in Scotland.  

So I have a puzzle and it will be a very good day when I finally figure all this out. Meanwhile lets take a look at John Barclay’s patent for his land in Shakopee, Minnesota.

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Fort Morton TN

While George and Alexander were engaged in the Civil War and deep in the fighting, their father, John Barclay enlisted on December 1, 1864 as a civilian carpenter with the Quartermaster Department U.S. Volunteers.  He was honorably discharged June 6th, 1865. 

There is no Civil War Service file for John because he was under the status of a civilian carpenter, I only have his Civil War pension file.  In reviewing the pension file I found one reference to where John might have served.  It was a letter written to plead his case for his pension: 

Shakopee, Minn, Augst. 11, 1891  

“While in the service I lost almost entirely the sense of hearing by reason of exposure in the dragging of wet lumber from the water and also became ruptured by reason of heavy lifting at Fort Morton, Tenn. rendering me in my old age wholly incapacitated for manual labor. Repectfully – John Barclay.” 

So far documentation indicates that John would have been 64 years old in 1864 and 90 years old in 1891.  Fort Morton seems to be located near or in Nashville, Tennessee and became part of a network of Forts that surrounded that city which were built by the Union Army.  

The 1890 Census was mostly destroyed in a fire but John Barclay shows up in a special census for Minnesota in some of the surviving documents.  

In studying this schedule I found similar information that John Barclay appeared as a carpenter but there is no unit or company given. He mustered in December 1865 and out on June 1866 (approximately 6 mos). The whole page was difficult to read because the writing was so light and fading.  I tried again at the National Archives to obtain a copy in order to read the entry:  “Was sworn as a Carpenter at St. Louis, Mo. to serve  ____ Mo. was discharged at expiration of term.” 

Sources: First reading FHL #338182, Eagle Creek, Scott County, Minnesota, page 1 #5757. Second reading at National Archives – M123, Roll 23, Minnesota Veterans 1890 Special Schedule of Census, John Barclay Service, U.S. Surviving Soldiers, Sailers and Marines, and Widows M123 Roll 23, Minnesota Veterans, pg. 1, SD2, ED 177, Line 7. 

This 1890 Minnesota census only had a few towns in Cass Co. and did not cover Pine River, also Dakota Co. was wanting, so this means no information about son’s George or Alexander Barclay would be found. 

Source: FHLC#338182 Bundle# 79-82 Rols 22-25 Covers: Big Stone, Carver, Chippewa, Dakota*, Goodhue, *Hennepin, Kandeyohi, LeSuer, McLeod, Meerk, Renville, Rice, *Scott, Silbey. Cass Roll 24, Dakota 23, Crow Wing 24, Hennepin 23, Scott 23.  

John is the Green dot on the map above near Nashville. If you study the map you will see that George might have crossed paths with his father in Nashville while Alexander was on the March with Sherman to the Sea when his father joined the fight!

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My map that I made from the Microsoft Street’s and Trips software is not real detailed but I think it gives some interesting clues as to the movements of the 4th and the 9th Regiments of Minnesota.  I have wanted to do a comparison for quite some time.   

Key to the Maps: 

  • Red Flags represented the 9th Regiment which was George Barclay’s regiment.
  • Turquoise Flags represented the 4th Regiment which was brother Alexander Barclay regiment.
  • Purple Flags represented General Sherman and I confined myself to the Marches to the Sea and through the Carolina’s. 

Some of the flags as a tag with a date of that particular event or location.  Some locations are on the way to a battle or to accomplish some goal known to the higher command.  I was not able to pin down all locations given in the regimental histories and had to make choices because I was running out of room.   

Tip:  Click on the maps and they will open to a bigger size.  You might have to adjust a little with another click.  Don’t forget to hit the back arrow to return to the blog.   

Here is the map from George’s 9th Regiment and General Sherman:  

9th Regiment Locations
Here is the map adding Alexander’s 4th Regimental movements and more of General Sherman and the Carolinas:

Map of 9th & 4th Reg't Movement

 

Comparing the two maps you see that there a lot more flags in turquoise than in red.  At times it appears that the 9th and the 4th are right on top of each other but if you compare dates they are in the areas at totally different times.  

The map below is the start of the Civil War for the 4th and 9th Regiments.  Both brothers headed south at slightly different times. 

4th and 9th Start of Civil War

 

 The map below focuses on the states of Kentucky and Tennessee:  

Civil War - KY & TN

 

 The map below shows a little more detail on Tennessee and movements into Mississippi: 

TN and Mississippi

 

 The map below goes deeper into Mississippi and Louisiana for the brothers at different times: 

Louisiana and Mississippi Locations

 

 This map shows the 4th Regiments marches through Georgia and the Carolinas which mirror those of General Sherman:  

The March thru George and the Carolinas

 

 The 4th Regiment marches in the Grand Review in Washington D.C. in 1865:  

Alex marches in the Grand Review

 

The 4th Regiments heads home  in 1865 and 9th soon follows:  

Alex and George Return Home 1865

 

This was a fun exercise and gives me an idea of what my great-grandfather George A. Barclay and his brother Alexander Barclay experienced.  It is amazing that both George and Alexander came back alive.   

In the next post we will add their father John Barclay’s Civil War service to the mix. Fortunately he only served a short time toward the end of the war in a civil capacity as a carpenter.  

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